Occupational Health And Safety Case Study

Safety Plan Consider the following scenario. You are the safety and occupational health professional for your city’s health department. You received a call from a major food-distribution warehouse about some employees who are complaining of dizziness and feeling sick.

The scene is a very large warehouse; a significant portion is refrigerated. The illnesses are being reported from a refrigerated section (about 40 degrees F), where workers are blister packing food products on a production line. The warehouse has 20 loading docks, two railroad car lines that end directly inside the warehouse (in close proximity to the production area), a dozen or so gas powered forklifts, and no sensors or environmental monitors of any kind except those associated with the refrigeration systems. The warehouse manager is cooperative, but he points out that he is in the middle of contract negotiations with the union. He is also very proud of the fact that they have special seals on the loading dock doors and throughout the warehouse to keep the cold in and the heat out.

You cannot identify any discernible odors other than the exhaust from the forklifts when they move by you. There are four women waiting for you in the break room complaining of dizziness and lightheadedness. They are all comparing and complaining about their symptoms. There are 14 employees who work in this area of the warehouse: 12 women and 2 men.

Instructions: Based on the given scenario, develop a plan of action that includes how you would conduct the investigation, how you would identify possible sources of the problem, and your opinion on the likely source.

Discuss the standards applicable to possible sources. Include several recommendations you would make to the manager to help solve the problem based on your research into documented best practices for similar situations.

 

Note: You may make assumptions about the scenario in order to propose solutions (be certain to state your assumptions clearly).

Your Case Study must be four to six pages in length, double spaced. All sources used,  must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

 

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NUR3045 Module 2 Quiz Chapter 5 2017

Question 1 While caring for a patient from the Chinese culture, the nurse learns that the patient has a specific practice that follows yin and yang. What impact will this have on the patient’s dietary intake?

1. The patient will eat only specified combinations of food.
2. Some foods are only eaten at different times of the year.
3. There are specific foods for specific purposes.
4. Identifies if foods should be eaten hot or cold

Question 2 What would the nurse identify as contributors to illness?

Select all that apply.

1. Imbalance of body, mind, or spirit
2. Imbalance with the family
3. Imbalance with the community
4. Imbalance with the forces of the natural world
5. Imbalance with socioeconomic status

Question 3 While performing a home assessment, the home care nurse identifies traditional practices that the patient uses to protect health.Which are practices used to protect health?

Select all that apply.

1. Picture of a saint hanging on the wall in the bedroom
2. String of garlic hanging in the kitchen
3. Burning a candle on the kitchen table
4. Wearing a purple scarf
5. Chanting prayers

Question 4 Which actions would the nurse categorize as traditional mental HEALTH maintenance?

1. Activities to concentrate and stimulate the mind
2. Avoiding physically demanding hobbies
3. Using medications to preserve chemical balance in the brain
4. Wearing head covering in the cold to preserve head warmth

Question 5 Which action do most people take when experiencing a mild illness?

1. Rely on self-treatment or do nothing.
2. Ingest herbs specific to how they are feeling.
3. Consult a local faith HEALER.
4. Immediately seek medical attention.

Question 6 A patient wants to use a complementary medicine approach for a chronic health problem. Which approaches would the nurse suggest the patient use?

Select all that apply.

1. Hypnotherapy
2. Qi gong
3. Biofeedback
4. Reiki

Question 7 During an assessment, a patient tells the nurse, “An onion a day keeps everyone away.” How does this philosophy protect health?

1. An onion protects the person from coming in contact with those who might be ill.
2. This philosophy affirms the belief in the power of onions to prevent disease.
3. This philosophy recognizes the special antibiotic properties contained within onions.
4. This philosophy advertises that onions have special healing abilities.

Question 8 Which action does the nurse recognize as essential for maintaining health?

1. Having a strong familial and social support system
2. Practicing moderation in all activities
3. Ensuring proper balance in all aspects of life
4. Taking a daily multivitamin

Question 9 During a health history, a patient tells the nurse about following traditional epidemiological practices. What is the purpose of these practices?

1. Preserve a heritage
2. Used as a part of the patient’s religion.
3. Cure an illness
4. Uses folk medicine herbal remedies

Question 10 Which activities does the nurse recognize as being used by a patient to restore health?

Select all that apply.

1. Drinking herbal tea
2. Using massage
3. Prayer
4. Meditation
5. Purging

Question 11 A patient tells the nurse that an illness was caused by the evil eye. What are common beliefs about this cause of illness?

Select all that apply.

1. Power comes from the eye and strikes a victim.
2. The onset of illness is sudden.
3. The person who cast the evil eye may not be aware of the power.
4. The illness may be cured with rituals.
5. The illness will become chronic.

Question 12 Which statement would the nurse utilize to define HEALTH?

1. The balance of a person within the outside world
2. A continuous struggle between balance and imbalance
3. Recovering from an illness
4. Physical wholeness for activity

Question 13 While assessing a patient from the Jewish culture, the nurse learns that the patient believes that an illness is being caused by another soul. What is this health belief considered?

1. Aberglobin

2. Kayn aynhoreh

3. Szatan

4. Dybbuk

Question 14 While working with community members of different cultures, the nurse learns a variety of beliefs about the evil eye. What are the consistent variables of this cause of illness?

Select all that apply.

1. How it is cast
2. Who can cast it
3. Who receives it
4. Degree of power it has
5. What body part is afflicted

Question 15 The nurse is trying to determine if a treatment that a patient has been taking for an illness is considered a homeopathic remedy. Which are criteria of homeopathy?

Select all that apply.

1. The person, and not the disease, is being treated.
2. Does not conform to scientific standards
3. A substance used would cause symptoms in a healthy person.
4. Spinal manipulation realigns mental impulses.

Question 16 The nurse notes that a patient’s religion is identified as being Christian Science. How will this religious belief impact the health care that the patient will want?

1. The patient will choose the method of health care that is the most effective.
2. The patient will use similar treatments for healing disease.
3. The patient uses aromas for healing.
4. The patient will ask for spinal manipulation.

Question 17 The nurse notes that a patient’s religion is identified as being Christian Science. How will this religious belief impact the health care that the patient will want?

1. The patient will choose the method of health care that is the most effective.
2. The patient will use similar treatments for healing disease.
3. The patient uses aromas for healing.
4. The patient will ask for spinal manipulation.

Question 18 In some cultures, spitting is a health protection activity done after giving someone else a compliment. What is the purpose of this action?

1. Prevents the recipient of the compliment from receiving an evil spell
2. Avoids direct speech afterwards with the person who receives the compliment
3. Prevents the recipient of the compliment from being too flattered
4. Makes the air better to take in the compliment

Question 19 Which patient statement reflects a spiritual belief that defines illness?

1. “I am being punished for breaking a religious code.”
2. “It is a necessary part of my religious culture.”
3. “I failed to wear special amulets to ward it off.”
4. “I am sick because I violated dietary practices.”

Question 20 The nurse learns that a patient used to follow homeopathic medicine but now only uses allopathic medicine approaches. What is the significance of allopathic medicine?

1. Espouses empiric methods for treating disease
2. Accepts other forms of therapy as valid for treating disease
3. Is practiced only where it is accepted
4. Encompasses different treatment modalities within its framework

 

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ETHC 445 Principles Of Ethics Complete Course And Final Exam Devry

Week 1

 

Week 1 Discussion 1

Helen wants to move to a new community,  and she is applying for a job with a small retail establishment. She is confident that she is fully qualified and will be able to perform well if she gets the job. The employer, however, has advertised for someone with three years of retail experience, and Helen only has two-and-a-half years. She is considering whether to exaggerate slightly on her resume in order to improve her chances of getting the job.

 

Week 1 Discussion 2

The study of Ethics and Philosophy is one which brings many different kinds of “thinkers” together. One person’s philosophy on Ethics is another person’s philosophy on Evil. We will be working this term on constructing personal ethical bases and understanding how Ethical Codes (both personal and professional) are created and followed.To start us thinking about the different areas of philosophy and ethics, and how we fit into the different molds or world views, let’s discuss the differences and similarities between these views.To do this, let’s look at the role of right and wrong, laws which regulate behavior, principles vs. morality, and the role of ethics in our society.

 

Week 1 Assignment & Quiz:

ETHC 445 Week 1 Assignment; Ethics Paper ( 650 Words)

 

Week 1 Quiz

Q. Which of the below behaviors are inappropriate in a course?

Q. Ethics involves issues of right and wrong, and emotionally charged issues and ideas; thus, the best way to ensure that my comments are taken in the way I mean them is to _____.

Q. Posting in the course’s threaded discussions is an essential element in our online, asynchronous classroom. Which of the following is not true about value-adding posts in our course?

Q. Which of the following is the most appropriate response for a student to post to another student who has posted this:   WHAT IS WRONG WITH ALL OF YOU?  YOU ARE AS STUPID AS A BOX OF ROCKS!

Q. Choose from the following choices the way in which collegiality is valued in our course.

 

Week 2

 

Week 2 Discussion 1

When Siding with the Majority (Graded)

As our opening page states, Mark Twain warned that “Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect.” It is likely that your parents warned you “not to follow the crowd,” or your school counselors warned you about “peer pressure.”The United States utilizes a democratic republic form of government, which espouses the “majority rule” in many instances. For example, when passing laws, Congress and state Legislators use majority voting. When electing our officials, the majority rules. But, is our government unethical?

 

Week 2 Discussion 2

The Struggle of Good vs. Evil (Graded)

Personal struggles with one’s own tendencies, desires, lusts, and self-interest have placed people in conflict with other people and their own communities farther back than any of us can read.  We read about the struggles of others in history — what about ourselves?  Yes, us!  What about our experiences of being ourselves?When we look back in history, we find people who are not so different from us — struggling with their human nature — and trying to live ethical lives in whatever way they can do so.  They aspire to live ethical lifes and find themselves failing again and again.

 

Week 2 Assignment:

ETHC 445 Week 2 Assignment; Ethics Paper (750 Words)

 

 

Week 3

 

Week 3 Discussion 1

Applying the Death Penalty (Graded)

First, here is a word of caution. With this discussion comes a tasking to discuss the death penalty in two ways: first, as an expression of the social contract, where one person has killed another in a violation of that other person’s right to peace and safety, and second, as a rules-based function of the justice system being applied to a difficult situation.What do you see going on that is a violation of the Hobbes/Locke social contract idea?And you might also connect it with any of the Three Schools, plus Aristotle, that you have read in past weeks—and especially with the rules-based ethics model.

 

Week 3 Discussion 2

Living in Our State of Nature (Graded)

Social Contract theorists say that morality consists of a set of rules governing how people should treat one another that rational beings will agree to accept for their mutual benefit, on the condition that others agree to follow these rules as well.

Hobbes runs the logic like this in the form of a logical syllogism:

1) We are all self-interested,

2) Each of us needs to have a peaceful and cooperative social order to pursue our interests,

3) We need moral rules in order to establish and maintain a cooperative social order,

 

Week 3 Assignment:

ETHC 445 Week 3 Assignment; Ethics Paper (800 Words)

Quiz Week 3

 

Week 4

 

Week 4 Discussion 1

Ethics of Controlling Environmental Innovation (Graded)

Increasing food supplies are necessary to sustain growing populations around the world and their appetites for great food, quality products, and continuous availability.A great deal of expensive research is invested in developing technologies to deliver productive agriculture. Horticultural efforts to breed hybrid crops are seen as far back as history can observe, and there have been efforts to domesticate improved animals, as well. Gene splitting was a 1990s technology to improve the health and productivity of farm crops.

 

Week 4 Discussion 2

Kant – Accomplice to Crazed Murderer? (Graded)

Kant’s famous First Formulation of the Categorical Imperative reads:

“Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.” Kant taught morality as a matter of following maxims of living that reflect absolute laws. “Universal” is a term that allows for no exceptions, and what is universal applies always and everywhere. Lying, for any reason, is universally wrong.

 

Week 4 Assignment:

ETHC 445 Week 4 Assignment; Ethics Paper (650 Words)

 

 

Week 5

 

Week 5 Discussion 1

Life & Death; Politics & Ethics (Graded)

There are three basic propositions in standard Utilitarianism (Please be sure to listen to Mill’s audio lecture before joining this threaded discussion):

Actions are judged right and wrong solely on their consequences; that is, nothing else matters except the consequence, and right actions are simply those with the best consequences.

To assess consequences, the only thing that matters is the amount of happiness and unhappiness caused; that is, there is only one criterion and everything else is irrelevant.

In calculating happiness and unhappiness caused, nobody’s happiness counts any more than anybody else’s; that is, everybody’s welfare is equally important and the majority rules.

 

 

Week 5 Discussion 2

 Dealing With Emergencies and Outcomes (Graded)

Chapter 9 of our text includes the terrorism situation at the 1972 Munich Olympics, and it needs to be read before engaging this discussion.The principle of utility involves maximizing happiness as a desirable outcome of decisions. Although it does not get directly said, there is an inverse intention to minimize the undesirable outcome of disaster. Utilitarian decisions are directed toward outcomes—that is, the consequences of decisions.The Olympic hostage situation was a high-tension moment, full of dangerous surprises and strategies to deal with the situation that did not work out for the best.

 

Week 5 Assignment:

You Decide Scenario and Response Solution Paper (800 Words)

 

 

Week 6

Week 6 Discussion 1

Applying Rand’s Objectivism (Graded)

Ayn Rand’s Objectivist philosophy has been touted by her detractors as the philosophy of self-interested selfishness.

Her four epistemological principles are:

1. Metaphysics: Objective reality of the world and the objects in it.

2. Epistemology: Reason as the one and only key to understanding.

3. Ethics: Self-interest in what behavior is but also what it should be.

4. Politics: Capitalism through the performance of deeds by individuals who are self-interested.

 

Week 6 Discussion 2

Working Conflict Resolution Methods (Graded)

Different ways to analyze ethical behaviors and dilemmas exist, and many of them will help direct you to the correct or “best” solution to a problem.As we discussed in week 1 in the “tough choices” .pdf, sometimes right vs. right or wrong vs. wrong decisions have to be made.In the lecture this week, you are given three ethical dilemma resolution models to try out on a dilemma provided there. Please review that interactive before posting to the threads this week, and let’s bring your questions and comments about the “proposed” solutions here to the threads.

Quiz Week 6

Q. What school of ethics would drive the commanding officer (CO) to follow rules and procedures?

Q. For the CO to think about what is best for all indicates what kind of decision making?

Q. If the CO’s conscience was bothering him while making a decision, reading up on what ethicist would have made him aware of his thinking and deciding?

Q. For the CO to be excessively afraid of upsetting the carrier air group commander displays what about his ethics?

Q. The maxim “I uphold only the ethical view that all rational beings ought uphold” follows _____.

Q. The CO’s practice of moderation in not taking excessive risks connects him with what concept of ethics?

Q. When the CO seeks the utilitarian solution for his dilemma, his reasoning follows what principle?

Q. If the CO fails to take action for the injured sailor’s welfare because it might damage his professional reputation, what kind of ethics is operating in the situation?

Q. To speculate about “what would the crew want to happen now” engages the CO in what ethics?

Q. A decision to ask the injured seaman what he wants to happen is what kind of ethics?

 

Week 7

Week 7 Discussion 1

Business Ethics & the Hovercraft Debacle (Graded)

This week, we looked at two more ethical codes—one for the Project Management Institute, and one for Engineers. (Find links to these professional codes in the Week 7 Assignment tab along with the Week 7 readings.)You can see that both of them are much simpler than the Legal code we looked at last week, and even simpler than the Medical code of ethics. Appropriate professional behavior, practice, and discipline varies among professions and reflects the needs and values of the professional society in question

 

Week 7 Discussion 2

Assemble and Test Your Personal Ethics Statement (Graded)

Please be sure to read the Week Seven Lecture in its entirety before posting to this discussion.

This week we will work on creating your own statement of personal ethics. To get started, read summarizing review of our great and famous ethics and what they have taught us — found in our lecture this week.Then, let’s work on creating one for you.Your goal for the end of this thread is to have created a personal ethical philosophy and be able to tell your classmates from which philosophies you created it and why the contents are important and meaningful for you. List its precepts. (You will need to do this on the Final Exam.)

 

 

Week 8 Final Exam

Page 1

1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the patient’s direction reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5)

2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance? (Points : 5)

3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of the hasty conclusions. Hasty conclusions consist of what? (Points : 5)

4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language is commonly used in ethics for what reason? (Points : 5)

5. (TCOs 7, 8) Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to…? (Points : 5)

6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming social structures according to a social contract in order to overcome what problem identified by Thomas Hobbes? (Points : 5)

7. (TCOs 3, 6) Agricultural biofuels are not properly a renewable source of energy in the environmental ethics debate. Which of the following also is not a renewable….? (Points : 5)

8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) The notion that the only thing good without qualification is a good will is attributed to whom? (Points : 5)

9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is organized and directed toward following the greatest happiness principle? (Points : 5)

10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Syllogisms in formal deductive logic are called “valid” when: (Points : 5)

 

 

Page 2

1. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, 7) In support of TCO #7 and in the Week 7 discussions, you developed and placed into the threaded discussions your personalized ethics statement of what has become important to you in the practice of ethics as you have practiced ethics during the course…..?…..In answering, be sure to look at both sides of war: that is, a country defending itself…..(Points : 30)

2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Analyze the following ethical situation using YOUR ethical philosophy. Read the situation and then in your answer, explain why this is an ethical situation, what the “issues” are, and how an “ethical” person would resolve them. Explain how YOUR ethical philosophy has helped you read a conclusion about how to resolve or analyze this situation. Employees’ worth to their employers may diminish before they are eligible for retirement…… (Points : 40)

4. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 9) A first-term junior senator has placed a bill before the Senate that promises to correct tax inequities that affect thousands of workers. However,…..   Identify and tell what ethical philosophy the senior and junior senators are using, if any. Now, use your ethical philosophy to analyze the situation. Explain how, using your philosophy…..? (Points : 30)

5. (TCOs 5, 6) You work for a grocery store and a new manager is hired to oversee your department. He comes into your department (the butcher shop) and explains to you that for the past 6 months, your department has been losing money for the store because of the waste and spoilage going on from having to discard unsold meat and poultry……..Will you repackage the meat in the way he requested? Why or why not? Explain what ethical analysis you….(Points : 30)

6. (TCOs 6, 8) Analyze your answer above using the Front Page of the Newspaper ethical dilemma resolution model. Show your steps. (Points : 40)

 

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Weapons Of Mass Destruction

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Emergency Management

 

The field of emergency management undergoes constant change as new threats emerge.

 

Consequentially, a healthcare professional may face various disaster scenarios and will need to learn about the necessary tools to prepare and deal with such disaster scenarios. On the basis of what you learned in this week’s readings and in regard to the above statement, answer the following questions:

 

What is the biggest threat in the healthcare industry? Why? Provide a fact-based rationale for your choice.Does the healthcare industry face different threats now than they it did twenty years ago? What are the new threats?How would you prepare for the new threat?How could a healthcare facility prepare itself in the event terrorists began to focus on soft targets such as sporting events, shopping malls, or healthcare facilities?

 

Let’s read the following statement.

 

Several agencies have suggested specific guidelines for preparing for a bioterrorist attack. In their opinion, there are several areas healthcare facilities need to focus on when preparing for a bioterrorist attack. These areas include preparedness and prevention, detection and surveillance, diagnosis and characterization of biological and chemical agents, and response and communication. Communication is an integral part of a successful response to a disaster.

 

Answer the following questions in regard to the above recommendations by various agencies:

 

What is the effect of communication on collaboration with other agencies or organizations dealing with a disaster situation?Why did it take 9/11 for top law enforcement agencies of the United States to begin sharing information? How important is this sharing of information to fight against terror?What are the guidelines for establishing effective lines of communication in a disaster scenario?

 

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