Whistleblower: An Ethical Dilemma

Whistleblower: An Ethical Dilemma

Week 1 Discussion

Previous Next
Before beginning work on this week’s discussion post, review the following resources:

  • Doing Discussion Questions Right
  • Expanded Grading Rubric

By the due date assigned, respond to the assigned discussion questions and submit your responses to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area. Respond to the assigned questions using the lessons and vocabulary found in the reading.
Discussion Question – Whistleblower: An Ethical Dilemma
A whistleblower, by definition, is someone who brings an unethical, immoral, or illegal business practice to the public’s attention. Whistleblowers have a difficult time in doing this, and they often find their lives changed because of their actions. Sometimes they are shunned and also receive death threats. It is common for the family members to feel the effects of a whistleblower’s behavior.
Dr. Jeffrey Wigand became one of the best-known whistleblowers after his experience was turned into a movie, The Insider. He proved tobacco companies were deliberately boosting the nicotine content of cigarettes, making them more addictive and cancer causing. However, similar to other whistleblowers, he suffered from tremendous stress and received death threats and other forms of intimidation for doing the right thing. Do some research on Wigand’s actions.
For the first part of your post:

  • Assess how Dr. Wigand showed moral intelligence and leadership in this situation. Assess what you think he did for his own credibility based on his actions.
  • Evaluate what you would do if you found an unethical practice in your workplace. Would your response depend on the severity of the unethical practice?  

For the second part of your post, select any one of the following bullet points. Attempt to spread the bullet points out among class members (e.g., not have one bullet point answered by all course participants).

  • Provide a couple examples of potential unethical practices in your organization that could be considered very minor and that people have come to “accept” as opposed to reporting. How, exactly, does the organization or its members respond to the unethical practices? Assess any inconsistencies in the organizational response. Recommend any alternative response.
  • Create a continuum of severity model regarding ethical practices in organizations and discuss your model. How did you arrive at the model you created? Propose how an organization might use your severity continuum model.
  • Justify why you think that people tend to accept some unethical practices while others are not accepted. Propose three or four key steps an organization might take to build more consistent ethical decisions and actions. Whistleblower: An Ethical Dilemma

Conclude your post with a three or four sentence summary of the most important point, lesson, or takeaways from your research and analysis for your initial post.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

Provide a substantive (500–1,000 words) initial discussion post. Justify your answers with examples and reasoning. Comment on the initial postings of at least two peers. Your responses to other initial posts must be a 100 to 200 word minimum each.
By the due date assigned post your initial response to the Discussion Area.
Before the end of the week, begin commenting on at least two of your peers’ responses. You can ask technical questions or respond generally to the overall experience. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language, even in criticism, to work toward the goal of positive progress.
Supplemental Material:
View The Pdf Transcript For SU_Doing_Discussion_Questions_Right.pdf
Whistleblower: An Ethical Dilemma

Project For Dexter Masters Assignment

Project For Dexter Masters Assignment
Week 1 Project
 
Instructions
Ethics in Leadership
This course has major project assignments that will be due in Weeks 3 and 5. It will take more than a week’s effort to adequately complete them. Plan time to start the research and other work for those assignments earlier than the week in which they are due.
For the course project, you will assess the ethical nature of leadership by studying a current or historical leader. Choose a famous leader with readily available information (e.g., press releases, organizational websites, published biographies, etc.) that you can research. Consult with your instructor early in the week if you need assistance. You will be using the same leader for the Week 1, Week 3, and Week 5 assignments.
For the Week 1 paper, prepare a biographical introduction of your chosen leader that summarizes: Project For Dexter Masters Assignment

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

who the leader is,
what era the leader came from,
what organization the leader is or was affiliated with,
why this leader is worthy of study,
the specific leadership theory/style this leader used, citing specific examples and research to support your assessment.
Next, analyze this leader in terms of moral intelligence and credibility as a leader, citing evidence to support your perspectives. Specifically, this section should assess any gaps between espoused values and actual behaviors.
Next, analyze the alignment of the leader’s values and behaviors with the organizational values expressed in vision, mission, and value statements of the organization most closely affiliated with the leader, as well as any other indicators of organizational culture.
Finally, synthesize a personal reflection of “lessons learned” that includes at least two key take aways that you can apply to your own leadership practice.
Submission Details:
Submit your answers in a three- to four-page Microsoft Word document.
Name your document: SU_LEA5125_W1_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.
Submit your posting to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.
Use APA format for your document. Project For Dexter Masters Assignment

Week 1 – Fund Raising Project Selection

Week 1 – Fund Raising Project Selection
assignment due on March 28th
Need Introduction and Conclusion
Word count needs to be in the body of the paper (350-words or more)
I will complete the Project Priority Evaluation Form.
I’ve provided sample papers to reference subject matter to complete summary paragraph. Week 1 – Fund Raising Project Selection

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

Complete the “Assignment” section after reading the Fund-Raising Project Selection case in Ch. 2 of Project Management: The Managerial Process. Make sure you are using the right exercise…this assignment is the one using the projects like “Hoops for Hope, etc.”
Submit a 350-word paper (remember all papers in the class are APA format, need an intro/closing paragraph….word count for all class assignments does not count the intro/closing paragraph or any tables/charts included in the paper….in other words you need 350 words in the paper body). The paper is where you tell me the rankings and justify the decision.
assignment due on March 28th
Need Introduction and Conclusion
Word count needs to be in the body of the paper (350-words or more)
I will complete the Project Priority Evaluation Form.
I’ve provided sample papers to reference subject matter to complete summary paragraph.
 
Complete the “Assignment” section after reading the Fund-Raising Project Selection case in Ch. 2 of Project Management: The Managerial Process. Make sure you are using the right exercise…this assignment is the one using the projects like “Hoops for Hope, etc.”
Submit a 350-word paper (remember all papers in the class are APA format, need an intro/closing paragraph….word count for all class assignments does not count the intro/closing paragraph or any tables/charts included in the paper….in other words you need 350 words in the paper body). The paper is where you tell me the rankings and justify the decision. Week 1 – Fund Raising Project Selection

Private Military Companies (PMCs

Private Military Companies (PMCs

Discussion Questions: Compare and contrast the pros and cons of the rise of Private Military Companies (PMCs) and Private Security Companies (PSCs) and their operations in conflict zones. Should profit-driven PMCs and PSCs be entrusted with critical military and governmental functions as opposed to leaving such functions in the hands of traditional governmental entities? Be sure to consider the long-term impacts.
The Use of PMC’s in Military Operations and Planning
Prior to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks the United States Military used outsourced some of their operations to Private Military Companies (PMCs) and Private Security Companies (PSCs). However, after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks were the catalyst for these types of security organization to expand exponentially. The organizations began to provide global security operations to both the federal government and the private entities overseas. The drain and demand for security enhancement operations in both the Iraq followed by the Afghanistan wars created a need and demand.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

While the use of PMCs is less costly than the use of military personnel, the Congressional Research Service has supported the use of PMCs as relative advantageous to the U.S. Government. One of the most advantageous elements is the ability to deploy security personnel swiftly in conflict zones and readily re-deploy the personnel once the conflict deescalates. Consequently, the cost of continual military personnel is diminished.Private Military Companies (PMCs
As the demand for PMC’s in conflict war zones around the world grew, the public and American press began to report on the operations of PMCs. Anti-sourcing groups contended, the use of public funds to security private companies in conflict war zones is not documented and without accountability.  Furthermore, PMCs were free to spend the taxpayer’s funds as they see fit without U. S. government oversight. Limited inquiry by the United States Government Accountability Office (U.S. GAO) on distributed funding to PMCs has revealed funds provided were primarily spent on security and support functions, while a substantial amount was directed to personnel and equipment. Furthermore, the lack of fund oversight by PMCs may lead to abuse of taxpayer funds. In addition, the lack of oversight will shed a negative light in conflict zones and may lead to civil rights violations. Consequently, unqualified personnel and the lack of properly train civilian personnel in conflict zones will lead to inadequate interoperability between the PMC personnel, military personnel and the host nation members.
The sizeable salaries of Private Security Companies in conflict zones entices the competition for personnel. The significant salaries paid to security personnel also entices local Afghans to seek employment with PSCs. Consequently, the regulation of PSCs in conflict zones will enhance the recruitment and hiring of adequate security personnel.
For example, On September 16, 2007, PMC personnel assigned to the formerly known Blackwater Consulting firm (currently titled Academi), in Iraq, shot at innocent Iraqi civilians injuring 20 and slaying 17 civilians. As a result, the incident strained the relationship between the U.S. Government and the Iraqis. Consequently, Blackwater’s license to operate in Iraq was suspended. The U.S. State Department, in their investigative findings, revealed the act was hostile in nature and without cause.
The PMC (Blackwater) contended the armed conflict was the result of an ambushed on their convoy. Consequently, various investigations were initiated between the U.S. and Iraqi government.Private Military Companies (PMCs
In 2014, four Blackwater personnel members were eventually convicted (after various appeals) in the U.S. Federal Court. One individual was convicted of murder and three were convicted of manslaughter along with firearms charges. One individual was sentenced to murder and three others received a 30-year sentence.
The sentencing of the of Blackwater guards set the precedent for legal proceedings against international civil rights violations committed by U.S. contracted Private Security Companies operating overseas. However, legal opinions to prosecute PMCs overseas contented a loophole in the U.S. Uniformed Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). Legal scholars argued, while members of the military and civilians in the U.S and deployed overseas may be prosecuted under the code, the code was enforceable only under U.S. Congressional war declaration. Since, the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan were considered contingency operations and not a Congressional declaration of war, the military code did not apply to personnel under the guidance of PMCs.
The loophole in the UCMJ code was enhanced and reformed to provide a provision dictating the inclusion prosecution of U.S. Contractors in both contingency operations as well as U.S. Congressional war declaration. The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform held hearings on the use of Private Security Contracts by U.S. Armed Forces. As a result, PMC and PSC reforms were adopted. External oversights and accountability of PMCs and PSCs were adopted in an effort to minimize another Bagdad type incident. Please be mindful, that while many contracted personnel in conflict zones have been injured and fatally wounded while supported our armed forces. Their sacrifices should not be overshadowed by the actions of a few immoral contracted personnel.
In conclusion, for-profit military and intelligence companies will continue to be an integral part of our national defense. After the withdrawal of the U.S from Iraq in 2011, media attention of Private Security Companies also diminished. However, as technology continues to play a vital role in military operations, Private Security Companies are being utilized to assist in drone missions, training police forces in unstable countries such as Afghanistan, and intelligence gathering. Private Military Companies (PMCs