Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant

Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant

  • Paper should be 6-7 pages in length when double-spaced and using a 12 point font.
  • Include at least four sources; the textbook may be used as one of your sources.
  • Please DO NOT cite any online reference encyclopedias such as Wikipedia, Britannica, or Encarta. Your sources should consist of scholarly journal articles and books available through the Ivy Tech Virtual Library ONLY. All sources must be cited (must have an end note or a foot note) and the source included in a bibliography.

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  • The format of the citations and bibliography must be of a nationally accepted formatting system such as MLA or APA.

The paper must be based upon YOUR CHOICE of A or B:

  • A. Compare and contrast the concepts of determinism, compatibilism, and libertarianism. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these positions? Which one do you believe is the most likely to be correct? Why?
  • B. Compare and contrast the ethical theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant
  1. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these positions?
  2. Which one do you believe is the most likely to be correct? Why? The paper is worth 100 points.

Ethical Theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant

Descartes’ “Evil Demon” Discussion

Descartes’ “Evil Demon” Discussion

  • Answer the next TWO questions individually and equally in two full pages:
  1. Reconstruct Descartes’ “Evil Demon” argument. What is the argument supposed to accomplish? How is it related to what I have called Radical Skepticism? Is Descartes a skeptic? Do you believe that certainty is necessary for knowledge? Give at least one reason in support of your belief. ——-Descartes’ “Evil Demon” Discussion
  2. Summarize Hume’s account of how we acquire ideas about the world. What is the Copy Thesis? Consider at two objections to the copy thesis. How do we form knowledge on the basis of these ideas, according to Hume? Identify the two main kinds of knowledge and explain why Hume thinks that only one kind is genuinely informative.

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  • Answer the next TWO questions individually and equally in two full pages:
  1. Reconstruct Descartes’ “Evil Demon” argument. What is the argument supposed to accomplish? How is it related to what I have called Radical Skepticism? Is Descartes a skeptic? Do you believe that certainty is necessary for knowledge? Give at least one reason in support of your belief. ——-
  2. Summarize Hume’s account of how we acquire ideas about the world. What is the Copy Thesis? Consider at two objections to the copy thesis. How do we form knowledge on the basis of these ideas, according to Hume? Identify the two main kinds of knowledge and explain why Hume thinks that only one kind is genuinely informative.

Descartes’ “Evil Demon” Discussion

Question on Ethical Values and Considerations

Question on Ethical Values and Considerations

  • Address the following in a three-page paper:
  1. Identify a current event or contemporary social issue that involves ethical values. Your issue must be broad enough to sustain deep philosophical analysis and must have relevance to your community. A good choice of issue is one that (1) involves a decision that must be made that involves competing ethical values and considerations, (2) includes with various available options about which reasonable people can disagree, (3) concretely affects people’s lives, and (4) might be influenced by external and internal factors such as social norms, oppression, religious and other personal beliefs, socially-imposed constraints (such as laws), and physical limitations. Issues that only affect a few people or have only a minor impact are probably too narrow. Issues that you are not open to examining with an open mind will also not work well for this assignment. For some topic suggestions, you might want to browse the website of a reputable news organization or review some political blogs you follow.
  2. Identify at least two news articles on your topic located using reputable news outlets. Make sure that the articles you choose present at least two different accounts of the values that should be considered in addressing the issue and include information and facts that you can use to develop your arguments and analysis. If you cannot locate two news articles on your topic, or if all of the articles share the same perspective, you should choose another topic. You should cite the two articles using correct APA citation.Question on Ethical Values and Considerations

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  3. Explain at least one ethical theory from your assigned readings. Cite support from the primary text selections in the chapter as well as authoritative secondary sources such as the course text and online lectures.
  4. Analyze the issue using the theory of ethics. For example, you might discuss utilitarianism, deontology, virtue/care ethics, or existentialism.
  5. Contrast this analysis with the approach a second theory would take. For instance, you might contrast deontology with utilitarianism by distinguishing duty from the principle of utility, or compare care ethics and existentialism by discussing the relative approaches to intersubjectivity.

Question on Ethical Values and Considerations

Question on Yoga Philosophy Discussion

Question on Yoga Philosophy Discussion

  • Please choose one topic and write your essay. Your essay should be based on assigned lessons reading (from a folder lessons 1-4).
  • You may go beyond these readings and use additional reading, but you have to cite the bibliography at the end of the paper, and follow MLA or APA format from the beginning to the end. Be consistent.
  1. What is Indian philosophy? Is there Indian philosophy?
  2. The Jainist and Carvaka approach to ethics. Are they compatible?
  3. The concept of freedom in Yoga philosophy.
  4. The eight fold of yogic techniques of Yoga philosophy. What are these, and how are they related to each other?
  5. Why is knowledge, especially self-knowledge, regarded as the highest philosophical achievement?
  6. Where does Indian thought place responsibility for the human condition?Question on Yoga Philosophy Discussion

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  • Please choose one topic and write your essay. Your essay should be based on assigned lessons reading (from a folder lessons 1-4).
  • You may go beyond these readings and use additional reading, but you have to cite the bibliography at the end of the paper, and follow MLA or APA format from the beginning to the end. Be consistent.
  1. What is Indian philosophy? Is there Indian philosophy?
  2. The Jainist and Carvaka approach to ethics. Are they compatible?
  3. The concept of freedom in Yoga philosophy.
  4. The eight fold of yogic techniques of Yoga philosophy. What are these, and how are they related to each other?
  5. Why is knowledge, especially self-knowledge, regarded as the highest philosophical achievement?
  6. Where does Indian thought place responsibility for the human condition?

Question on Yoga Philosophy Discussion