Annotated Bibliography Assignment

Annotated Bibliography Assignment
 
Data Science for Business
 
Reinforcement learning (RL) is a subset of machine learning that is getting more attention in recent years as current research using RL shows promising results in different areas.
Your task in this assignment is to search different sources like textbooks, scientific papers, Tutorials, videos, etc. to learn more about Reinforcement learning and write an article that has the following:

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  • What is the Reinforcement Learning?
  • What are the basics elements that formulate a basic Reinforcement Learning problem?
  • What are the differences between Reinforcement learning and supervised Learning?
  • List three of the most used Reinforcement Learning algorithms with application e.g. games, business applications, etc.
  • Discuss one of the practical applications of Reinforcement Learning. Include pictures or videos links.
  • Include any other interesting facts you found about Reinforcement Learning.

 
Please list all the reference that you use. Use your own words (paraphrase) copy and paste directly is not allowed. Use the APA 6.0 style guidelines
Annotated Bibliography Assignment

 
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IB315 Research Project

IB315 Research Project
Overview

You will be creating an export business plan. Work must be original to this class, otherwise a grade of zero will be given. If no paper is submitted, a course grade of zero points will be given. Papers that do not contain detailed research will be severely penalized. No Wikipedia references are allowed.
You do not need to submit work in progress. However you are welcome to approach your instructor with questions. IB315 Research Project .

Business Plan Requirements

Business Plan Page recommendations Section header Summary
Part I: Purpose 1 Purpose Why has the plan been written?
Part II: Table of Contents 1 Table of Contents Table of contents
Part III: Executive Summary 1 Executive Summary This is short and concise. It covers the principal points of the report, and is prepared after the plan has been written.
Part IV: Research ≥7 pages Introduction Introduction – what product and foreign country did you select and why
Situational Analysis Describe the product to be exported
Present a brief history of the country as it relates to its origins and trade history
Cultural Overview The norms, practices, social structure, etc. that may aid (or hinder) the reception of your product
Consumer attitudes toward product
Educational levels; ability to comprehend instructions, ability to use product
Languages; labels, instructions
Political Environment An overview of the governance structure of the country along with any legal-political forces
Certain required or prohibited features
Label and packing requirements
Export Marketing Plan Long and short-term goals, characteristics of an ideal target market for your product given the country selected, market screening
Economic Decelopment How developed the country is, and how this will influence the success of your product
Purchasing power
Wages
Infrastructure
Summary Summary
Part V: References 1 to 2 References References

Note: For further details regarding the components of your Export Business Plan, please see pages 468-469 of your textbook.

Formatting Requirements

  • Your paper must be in APA format to include:
    • The use of headings and subheadings
    • Times New Roman 12-point font
    • 1 inch margins
    • Paragraphs with a minimum of at least 5 sentences
    • The first line of each paragraph should be indented 1/2 inch
  • Anything less than the content length stated above is not sufficient coverage of content and will result in a substantial reduction in grade.
    • At least one to two reference (or works cited) pages.
    • References must be no older than 5 years.
  • Your paper should be well-organized with excellent flow and excellently formatted. Check that your headings and sub-headings are correct.
  • Spell-check and proofread before submission.

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1. Select a product of which you will export to a foreign country.
2. After your product is chosen, decide on a foreign country to which you will export.
3, Develop an Export Business Plan.
For this assignment, you will find, read, and create annotations for scholarly articles related to your chosen product and country.  Later this term, you will synthesize these sources and combine this archival research with field research to develop your paper.  Therefore, it is important to select a topic that interests you.
An annotated bibliography is a good way to keep track of your research. As you find sources and annotate them, you capture important information about a source, information that will hopefully prove helpful when you start to write paper. The sources you choose for the annotated bibliography should be sources you will use (or that could potentially be used) in your final paper for the course.  If you’re going to do all the work that an annotated bibliography entails, why not make it count! The assignment requires 10 annotated sources, but you may end up with more than that for the final paper.IB315 Research Project .
 

 
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week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper

week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper
Hunter Calhoun
Define contract logistics.
Contract logistics is the subcontracting of logistics and resource management responsibilities to a third party company (Grant, 2019). Contract logistics companies handle activities such as designing and planning supply chains, designing facilities, warehousing, transporting and distributing goods, processing orders and payments, and managing inventory (Grant, 2019). Contract logistics companies can help improve the efficiency of other companies by organizing and managing the hard work when it comes to procuring raw supplies needed to manufacture goods and handle the transportation and storage of the final product to the consumer. week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper.
References
Grant, M. (2019). When contract logistics matters most. Retrieved March 29, 2021, from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/contract-logistics.asp (Links to an external site.)
 
What is the first stage in selecting the Third-Party Logistics Operator?
According to our text books the first stage when selecting a third party logistics operator is to consider the implications of distribution strategy for the achievement of business plan goals, including the effect on cost, quality and flexibility (Branch, 2008). This will probably involve an ‘in-house’ evaluation of the activities involved (Branch, 2008). week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper.
 
References
 
Branch, A. E. (2008). Global Supply Chain Management and International Logistics. [MBS Direct]. Retrieved from https://mbsdirect.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781134150953/
 
Baby Falefuafua
 

  1. What are the identified four major engines driving change in the twenty-first century?

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According to the textbook the four major engines driving changes are “e-commerce, globalization, competition and computerization” (Branch, 2008) . In this case, I think that one of the most important major affects is computerization. With the use of technology, the world of business is always changing. The use of technology has allowed companies to be able to expand on the productivity, have connections to the internet, reserve needed information, be more organized, access to more tools, and etc. As we continue to advance the changes will bring on some good and bad. week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper.
 
Reference:
 
Branch, A. E. (2008). Global Supply Chain Management and International Logistics. [MBS Direct]. Retrieved from https://mbsdirect.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781134150953/
 
Computer Hope. (2020, November 30). What are the advantages of using a computer? https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch001798.htm
 

  1. The first key factor in the development of a successful 3PL is the 3PL mission statement. List 3 other factors?

 
-Three other important factors that are important to the development of a successful third-party logistics are market research, tracking the shipment, and creating a plan with the supplier. Market research is done to fully understand the business’s market, competitors, and the different tools that can be utilized. Within this third party logistics must understand their place within the market and how to create a profile. Tracking the shipment is important for multiple reasons. When a product is shipped and is at a different location within the process, any damage or delays can be someone else’s fault. Meaning that at a certain point, the liability is put on someone else depending on where the shipment is in the process. Creating a plan with the supplier is needed because this is how the businesses will continue to run. Without this, there may be confusion down the line as well as miscommunication.
 
Reference:
 
Branch, A. E. (2008). Global Supply Chain Management and International Logistics. [MBS Direct]. Retrieved from https://mbsdirect.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781134150953/.week 3 International Logistics Discussion Paper.

 
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International Marketing and Rule of Law and Ethics Paper

International Marketing and Rule of Law and Ethics Paper

 Explain how you would develop the marketing mix when doing business in Brazil, Colombia and Argentina. Provide specific examples for each of the four main components of the marketing mix.
·  Discuss the effects of the Internet, including social media, on international marketing in Brazil, Colombia and Argentina.
·  Recommend legal compliance approaches you would use for Brazil, Colombia and Argentina. International Marketing and Rule of Law and Ethics Paper.
·  Provide three key recommendations to consider regarding ethics and social responsibility in the Brazil, Colombia and Argentina (e.g., intellectual property, competition, corruption).

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·  The PowerPoint presentation should consist of 5 slides not including the title slide and slide for APA citations. Images may be included in the presentation but be sure to keep all image sizes low for this presentation.

When businesses deal globally to expand their markets they may face dilemmas which must be dealt with to avoid conflict. The types of issues many companies encounter deal with legal, ethical and cultural encounters. From our example we see the legal issues in settling disputes for international transactions can become very complex. Ethical issues concerning the workers, the culture, and the environment are all contributing factors international companies must be ready to address. CadMex Pharma and Gentura must establish a business agreement that protects both of the company’s interest from issues concerning the social, legal, and ethical norms of the host business. What are the issues involved
These laws will prevail over the individual country of origin laws when both countries agree to the CISG.  International Marketing and Rule of Law and Ethics Paper.Courts from either country would have a hard time enforcing laws against international business in another country. Matters concerning dispute resolution must be agreed upon as companies agree to do business together. What are some practical considerations of taking legal action against a foreign business partner based in another country? Companies seeking to take legal action against a foreign business partner must consider what type of agreement exist between the international businesses. Which laws and court system of each company will prevail? The agreements between international businesses should consider if International arbitration will be used to settle disputes and if the arbitration is binding or nonbinding. International organizations who follow a system of Arbitration which has a high level of acceptance may incur less expense and still maintain a working relationship. Arbitration awards are enforceable in many countries as long as arbitration is international according to the treaty of 1958 Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (Melvin, 2011. p. 637). If the Companies seek legal action through the court system, each organization will need to have a broad understanding of the legal systems within each country as they seek settlement of. International Marketing and Rule of Law and Ethics Paper.
 
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Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay

Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay

  1. Drivers of Demand
    • Forecast the drivers of demand in the market segments that were identified in Part 1. Note: These segments may differ from the market segments that are used to develop a marketing strategy.

2 Macroeconomic Factors

  • Make predictions about how the drivers of demand could change. What macroeconomic factors could cause the drivers to change?

3 Sensitivity Analysis

  • Conduct sensitivity analyses to understand the most critical assumptions and to gauge risks to the baseline forecasts.
    • What assumptions about your industry must be true for an accurate demand forecast?
    • What items or events could cause your forecasts to change? Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay.

 
4.Cite all sources in APA format – 5 sources one being the Holy Bible
5. 5 pages title and reference
Forecasting Total Market Demand-Healthcare Industry (Medical Devices & Equipment)
Many companies and industries have made numerous grave strategic mistakes due to imprecise and inappropriate industrywide demand forecasts. The erroneous suppositions might not emanate from a dearth of forecasting techniques, including ancient trend pressing, regressions analysis, and other methods accessible to all business players. Such industries fail to predict fluctuations in end-user behavior or apprehend their markets’ saturation level. It is essential to know that a prediction of total-market demand might not warranty an effective strategy. However, without such a technique, marketing support, investment decisions, among other pertinent resource allocations, would be founded on concealed, unconscious conventions regarding industrywide prerequisites, and they might habitually be erroneous. Notably, going through the course has merit for the management personnel. This will enable the team to develop the planning strategies by all means rather than merely coming out with pat solutions, targets, and numbers. The paper will critically analyze total market demand. It will specifically provide a demand forecast for the healthcare industry. This will entail defining the market, creating market segments, and analyzing market potential.

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Defining the Market
Indeed, if an industry gauges total-market demand explicitly, it will have a superior and precise chance of regulating its firm’s destiny. Ideally, total-market forecasting is merely the initial phase in strategy creation. This means that finishing the forecast does not end the planning process.  Various steps are involved in all total-market demand forecasts. They include;
At the start, there is a need to be overly comprehensive when defining the entire market. In actuality, one must define it widely to incorporate all prospective end-users to effectively pinpoint the suitable demand drivers and minimize the risks aligned with surprise product substitution. The healthcare product is majorly called the service. One of the primary services in healthcare is medical devices, equipment, and hospice supplies manufacturers. The company will offer a wide array of medical devices and equipment to the hospitals (Lien et al., 2014). The hospitals, among other medical entities, will buy various supplies from the company. Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay. This will either be through a group purchasing organization or even negotiate directly with wholesalers or distributors.  The medical device and supplies industry is an innovative, dynamic and heterogeneous sector. This is because the international marketplace for medical devices and supplies is vast and will continue depicting considerate growth and progress in the future.
This type of industry has different regulatory systems and needs documents for registration within other countries. In fact, only around 65 countries have implemented regulations for medical supplies and devices or plan to implement the rules. Accordingly, the manufacturer should critically clarify its target markets and comply with the relevant laws. For instance, it is essential to note that medical devices and supplies that have been certified by the USFDA might not enter the Chinese market without the CFDA’s certification. This is even though it has taken the most stringent procedures or processes globally mandated by the USFDA (Lien et al., 2014). Again, there is always a need for international harmonization of medical devices and equipment. This is because it will reduce regulatory barriers by facilitating trade or transactions between different nations and reducing the cost of implementing government and industry laws. The medical device and equipment manufacturer is an emerging sector and will ensure users’ safety (patients) by testing them.
 
 
Potential End-Users
End-users are typically individuals that consume the products or services. Based on the industry type, end-users will entail companies and healthcare facilities that will need the medical devices, equipment, and supplies from the industry. For instance, the industry will serve different end-users such as Davita Inc., Quest Diagnostic Corp, Tenet Healthcare Corp, Cvs Health Corporation, Hi crush Inc, and Fresenius Medical Care Ag and Co Kgaa. Such corporations and medical entities will depend entirely on the healthcare industry to supply quality and precise medical products.
Product Substitution
A substitute product or service serves a similar purpose as another existing product or service in the market. Based on the law of demand, if a substitute product is brought into the market, the current product’s need will decline. Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay. This means that an upsurge in the price of one product will shift the consumers to the other product. A substitution effect cites that if a product’s price decreases, customers (users) will substitute away from the comparatively expensive products to the cheaper ones (Dolnicar et al., 2018). For the healthcare industry, if it increases the prices of its medical equipment, devices, and supplies, the customers will shift away to other manufacturers providing similar services. This will lead to a decline in its supplies and sales revenues.
 
 
 
Creating Market Segments

Type of Segmentation Quantity of Consumption (in “000”). Sales Revenues in ($)
(“000”)
Behavioral Segmentation 250 Units
The healthcare industry will examine its clients’ actions. It will thus choose to target consumers who have bought high-end medical devices in the past two years. This might include Hi crush Inc. and Fresenius Medical Care Ag.
750
Psychographic Segmentation 300 Units
The healthcare sector will focus on healthcare entities that value quality and status. Such organizational managers are motivated to increase efficacy and depict value to their executive personnel, including Cvs Health Corporation and Hi crush Inc.
500
Geographic Segmentation 50 units
The industry will focus on the emergency medical entities located in busy towns and cities. This means they will choose to target customers who operate in dynamic cities, including Co Kgaa and Davita Inc.
 
150
Demographic Segmentation 500 units
The industry will target marketing managers at extensive healthcare facilities such as Quest Diagnostic Corp and Tenet Healthcare Corp.
1000

 
This is the second stage in forecasting which entails dividing total demand (based on the end-users) into its key constituents (segments) for distinct analysis. It involves breaking down our audience into discrete groups grounded on standard features. This creates marketing campaigns that are suitable and interesting to the end-users. Although the segmentation is adequate for projecting total market demand, it might not generate sets beneficial to develop a marketing approach (McDonald, & Dunbar, 2013). For instance, consumer industry categories might provide an excellent foundation to project total-market demand but give merely minimal aid in framing a policy founded on consumer preferences. When creating market segments, managers should decide whether to develop their market-demand forecast centered on the accessible historical statistics or carry out their marketplace research strategies. Nevertheless, it is advisable to rely on available historical data since undertaking market research is time-consuming and expensive. Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay.

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            Consequently, for market segments, there is a lot of information available from secondary sources. For instance, consistent public data on ancient market-demand levels by segments is readily available and accessible for numerous vast healthcare sectors, especially from the federal government, healthcare industry associations, ongoing marketplace statistic services, or off-the-shelf studies by healthcare sector specialists. This will be a good source for segmentation information. While it is a good information source, such readily accessible statistics might not be classified into the ideal categories to support an insightful scrutiny. Therefore, market segmentation will be based on the general population, area operation, status, and past customer purchasing history.
Analysis of Potential Market
There is a need to be considerate of the demand forecasts when analyzing markets. Relying on single-point market-demand forecasts has been related to dangerous risks. This is because several macroeconomic variables aligned with the estimates might be erroneous (del Rio-Chanona et al., 2020). Again, other demand drivers’ assumptions might be incorrect, especially when discontinuities emerge on the limit. Examining the factors that might make the forecast change intensely gives the optimal estimates. This is because they will have a higher probability of identifying potential risks and gaps.
The demand in this healthcare industry is sturdy enough to guarantee a considerate investment. The sector manufactures high-quality medical equipment and devices that will be highly demanded. Based on contemporary market research and studies, medical devices are highly required in hospitals, among other medical facilities (Mathur et al., 2018). The diagnostic equipment and appliances are urgently needed items that will constantly be supplied to emergency-related healthcare facilities. The industry will deliver more than 1000,000 medical devices, equipment, and supplies within a given period due to their increased demand. Considering the above table, demographic segmentation is the market segment with the most incredible opportunities. The segmentation has recorded 500 units of medical devices and supplies within a stipulated period. This means the industry will focus on customers with a higher income and demand more of its products. Such information is realistic and statistical; hence, it is comparatively easy to reveal utilizing innumerable market research sites.
References
del Rio-Chanona, R. M., Mealy, P., Pichler, A., Lafond, F., & Farmer, J. D. (2020). Supply and   demand shocks in the COVID-19 pandemic: An industry and occupation     perspective. Oxford Review of Economic Policy36(Supplement_1), S94-S137.
Dolnicar, S., Grün, B., & Leisch, F. (2018). Market segmentation analysis: Understanding it,       doing it, and making it useful (p. 324). Springer Nature.
Lien, C. H., Wu, J. J., Chen, Y. H., & Wang, C. J. (2014). Trust transfer and the effect of service quality on trust in the healthcare industry. Managing Service Quality.
Mathur, B., Gupta, S., Meena, M. L., & Dangayach, G. S. (2018). Healthcare supply chain             management: literature review and some issues. Journal of Advances in Management       Research.
McDonald, M., & Dunbar, I. (2013). Market segmentation. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Forecasting Total Market Demand – Part 2 Essay.
 

 
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Discussion 1 Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law

Discussion 1 Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law

I need 3 paragraphs for each discussion which is a total of 6 paragraphs. Please keep both separate and address each question.
Discussion 1 Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law
Review the Constitution in Appendix A and  choose one of the following sections of the U.S. Constitution or a specified amendment to use as the basis for your initial response:

  • Any of Congress’s enumerated powers under Article I, Section 8
  • 1st Amendment
  • 4th Amendment
  • 5th Amendment
  • 14th Amendment

Identify the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen. Discuss how this section of the Constitution or its amendments both limit and protect business in general. Describe an example of how the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen could be applied to your professional life (past, present, or future). In your example, discuss whether the section of the Constitution you have chosen to address limits business or protects it. Discussion 1 Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law.

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Discussion 2 Limited Liability Companies
When to form an LLC (Limited Liability Company) (Links to an external site.) discusses why the LLC is one of the most popular types of business entity. After reading the article and Chapter 30 of the textbook, compare an LLC with a C corporation and with an S corporation. If you were operating your own business, would you choose the LLC as the organizational form for your business? Explain your reasoning. Discussion 1 Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law.
Review the Constitution in Appendix A and  choose one of the following sections of the U.S. Constitution or a specified amendment to use as the basis for your initial response:
Any of Congress’s enumerated powers under Article I, Section 8
1st Amendment
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
14th Amendment
Identify the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen. Discuss how this section of the Constitution or its amendments both limit and protect business in general. Describe an example of how the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen could be applied to your professional life (past, present, or future). In your example, discuss whether the section of the Constitution you have chosen to address limits business or protects it.
 
APA FORMAT
3 paragraphs
Needs reference cited
Use the uploaded file as a resource
Textbook used is:
Business Law for Managers by Gwen Seaquist
Copyright © 2012 Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
The post Constitutional and Legal Underpinnings of Business Law, homework help appeared first on Dissertations Expert.
Review the Constitution and use the following sections of the U.S. Constitution or a specified amendment to use as the basis for your initial response:
5th Amendment
Identify the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen. Discuss how this section of the Constitution or its amendments both limit and protect business in general. Describe an example of how the section of the Constitution or its amendment that you have chosen could be applied to your professional life (past, present, or future). In your example, discuss whether the section of the Constitution you have chosen to address limits business or protects it.

 
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Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business

Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business

I need 3 paragraphs for each discussion which is a total of 6 paragraphs. Please keep both separate and address each question.
Discussion 1  Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business
Which do you believe presents the greatest threat to civil society: a corporation that commits crimes (e.g., murder, environmental crimes, or bribery), or persons who commit crimes that harm businesses (e.g., embezzlement, fraud, or larceny)? Defend your response, using at least one example from current events. Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business.

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 Discussion 2  Product Liability
After viewing the Chinese Imports & Food Safety (Links to an external site.) video, consider whether U.S. retailers that utilize products or raw ingredients that are imported from China and are poorly regulated should be liable in tort for injuries to consumers who are harmed by those products. Answer parts a and b of the prompt. Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business.

  1. For this part of the prompt, answer one of the following points:
    • If U.S. companies should not be liable, then they could be legally exempt from tort liability. Discuss the consequences of such a policy to U.S. consumers.
    • If the U.S. companies should be liable, then those companies would not be legally exempt from tort liability. Discuss the consequences of such a policy to U.S. businesses.
  2. Regardless of your response to part a, assume that U.S. retailers do have legal liability for defective products. What steps could U.S. retailers and manufacturers take when using products imported from China that would minimize their liability exposure? For example, they could warn consumers about the potential, though speculative, dangers when using products comprised of poorly regulated ingredients or components. Given your strategy, what challenges would exist for U.S. businesses that implemented your strategy? Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business.
Learning Objectives
  1. Categorize various types of business crimes.
  2. Name and define the major felonies in criminal law.
  3. Explain how white-collar crime differs from other crimes.
  4. Define a variety of white-collar crimes.

Most classifications of crime turn on the seriousness of the act. In general, seriousness is defined by the nature or duration of the punishment set out in the statute. A felony is a crime punishable (usually) by imprisonment of more than one year or by death. (Crimes punishable by death are sometimes known as capital crimes; they are increasingly rare in the United States.) The major felonies include murder, rape, kidnapping, armed robbery, embezzlement, insider trading, fraud, and racketeering. All other crimes are usually known as misdemeanors, petty offenses, or infractions. Another way of viewing crimes is by the type of social harm the statute is intended to prevent or deter, such as offenses against the person, offenses against property, and white-collar crime. Discussion 1 Crimes That Harm Business Versus Crimes Committed by Business

 
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Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper

Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper

  1. Review the pricing, promotion, and distribution report from your peer as submitted to the 4.3 Discussion(see the attachment).
  2. You will need to do appropriate research on the industry and category so that you understand them in order to make an educated analysis and recommendation for this section of the consultant’s report. It is important to start out with a thorough understanding of the category and industry. You should not rely on the original writer’s research and description of the industry.
  3. You will provide a 250-word review to your peer. Your review must provide a different or alternative perspective, interpretation, conclusion, and/or recommendation for at least one (1) of the six (6) elements noted in the assignment (these should be the 6 titled sections from the Market Analysis Report Template), based on your personal objective analysis of the category using credible sources. You do not need to have an alternative for all six elements of the assignment, but your alternative may involve more than one element since many of them are related. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
  4. You will not discuss the original writer’s analysis or recommendation; all of your comments must be focused on your objective interpretation and analysis. You must have a distinctly different perspective and/or recommendation in your alternative response. In other words, you are looking at the same scenario in the same industry and/or category, but you are coming to a different conclusion such that any form of “I agree” in your review is not an option.
  5. You must cite at least two credible sources that were not used by the original writer to support your interpretation and recommendation.
  6. Cite your work per current APA standards

The global eco fiber market size was valued at USD 40.58 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.6% from 2020 to 2027. Rising concerns regarding the harmful impacts of using synthetic fibers on the environment are projected to benefit the growth of the market over the forecast period. Eco fibers are gaining popularity in designer apparel and garments. The market in the U.S. is expected to witness significant growth as the textile companies in the country are focused on developing effective work processes, restructuring their businesses, and investing in niche products and markets. This has, in turn, proven to be conducive to the growth of the industry.

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Market for recycled clothes is not as competitive as regular Clothing Market. Apparel companies are investing in recycled clothes and putting the market in forefront. Although only 1% of secondhand textile are recycled and turned into new Clothes. The Fabric industry has evolved into 917 Billion euro globally. Every year there are over 80 billion garments produced worldwide. As per study on an average a person buys 60% more items of clothing every year and use it for about half as long as 5 years, it generates huge amount of waste. In EU, approx. 16 Million tons of fabric waste was generated in 2015. The amount of textile waste has doubled over the last decade. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
Analysis of Current Product, Pricing, Place and Promotion Models in the Market:

  H&M LEVI’s ZARA
PRODUCT H&M: The range includes everything from designer collaborations to everyday basics and yoga wear. Women wear, shoes, bags, accessories, beauty, ready to wear
• COS: Classics and wardrobe essentials for men, women and children. The brand had designs inspired by art and technology from across the world.
• Monki: On-trend lifestyle collections for young women.
• Weekday: It makes clothing for young and style aware young adults.
 
 
The Levi’s jeans offer innovative design considerations like double seams for durability and up to five pockets to add the elements of convenience. The most sought-after product in its marketing mix is the classic blue jeans. These colors include grey, black, green, khaki to name a few. The company has a diversified portfolio of products ranging from jeans, trousers, shorts, skirts, jackets, sweaters, socks, underwear, belts, skirts, dresses, accessories, jumpsuits and a big and tall range. The Jeans come in a variety of fits: Skinny, Slim, Taper, Boot cut, Relaxed, Flare and Big and Tall. What is unique to identifying to identifying a pair of Levi’s Jeans is the three-digit number associated with every pair. Numbers are from the likes of 501s which are available for men and women both to 500 series for men to 300,400, 700 and 800 series for women. Levi’s has a number of sub-brands within its parent brand. These include Dockers, Denizen and Levi’s Strauss and Co.
 
Zara is one of the leading luxury fashion labels in the world. Zara’s offer products for men, women and children. It offers jeans, trousers, tops, skirts, knitwear, T-shirts, shoes, bags and accessories. It is a one stop solution for everyone whether you want to buy formals or causals. One can choose from different styles Zara has to offer. It launches at least 10,000 new designs in a year. Zara products are a hit with the high-end fashionistas as well as with the masses.
Zara believes in sustainable development and is committed to reduce the production of waste. It recycles its hangers and security tags. Zara gives out their products in paper or biodegradable plastic bags. Zara uses ecological fabrics like organic cotton in the production of some of their items. These products have a unique and distinct label which can be identifies easily.
 
PRICE H&M offers high quality clothes at a premium price.
The major competitors of H&M are GAP and Zara. As compared to both of these brands, H&M products are prices relatively lower as a part of it marketing mix pricing strategy. These is due to lower cost of manufacturing and transportation costs by H&M. As compared to Zara H&M offers more variety of products. On an average H&M product are prices at $25 whereas that of Zara are $45. High quality and considerably lower prices attract the youth and hence leads to increase in sales for the company. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
 
 
Levi’s has a policy of maintain standard fixed prices all throughout the globe.
Price of a pair of Levi’s jeans is mainly influenced by a number of factors. These include cost of the product, affordability for the target customer, demand of the product and uniqueness and innovative features that it offers. In USA for example, the price of a pair of Levi’s jeans varies from about $40 for the price sensitive customer to as high as 250 for a customer looking for luxurious style.
 
 
Zara provides latest fashion at much lower prices in all its international stores as compared to other competing international brands. Zara follows low pricing strategy. It can afford to do that as it doesn’t spend enormous amount of money on advertisements and raw material. It has an overall low-cost structure compared to its competitors. Zara’s prices are country specific. Zara sets market-based pricing strategy which sets the target price consumer is willing to pay. The budget for production according to the target price. This in turn fixes the profit margin they earn on every item. This gives an insight on the marketing mix pricing strategy of Zara.
 
PLACE H&M sells its products through its exclusive stores located in major cities across the globe (4135 stores). In some countries due to regulatory norms, H&M offers its products through franchising partners. It also offers its products through online stores from where the customer can choose from the list of available products and purchase them through online payment. Cheap Monday is sold through selected retailers worldwide and through standalone stores.
The products are manufactured in countries where cheap labor is available in order to reduce costs. The clothes are designed by H&M and its other brands according to segment they are targeting. H&M has developed an excellent supply chain over the years. The delivery time is instant, and the transportation costs are kept at a minimum.
 
Levi’s Strauss and Company is operated out of three main geographic divisions: Levis Strauss Americas (LSA), Levi’s Strauss Europe and Levi’s Strauss Asia Pacific. The Asia Pacific division also handles operations for Middle East Asian nations including Qatar, Kuwait, Oman and United Arab Emirates. The main headquarters of the company are located in San Francisco. The brand manages efficient and effective supply chain and delivery through its well qualifies staff, distribution channel and a unique franchise model. A pair of jeans from Levi’s can be brought from a number of different distribution channels. These include factory owned showrooms and retail outlets which are franchise owned.
 
Zara has enormous reach with stores in 88 countries, with over 6500 outlets. Zara also sells through its online store. All these cover the marketing mix place & distribution strategy of the brand. It is a vertically integrated company. Zara’s supply chain is what provides them a competitive advantage. It uses its unique business model to bring new products and fashion to the market in shortest time possible. Store managers send orders to the headquarters twice a week based on the sales data of the store and the shoppers’ preferences. The commercial team compiles the order then sends it to the manufacturing hub. Most of the Zara stores are owned by the company and are not a franchise. The stores are located in posh locations and are spacious and modern in look with walled mirrors and excellent lightings.
 
PROMOTION Since H&M group has a wide range of product portfolio catering to different segments, it uses multi-channel promotional strategy in its marketing mix.
• TV advertisements: H&M comes with creative ads which focus on its latest innovative designs. Each brand handles its own marketing decisions. The ads are telecasted at regular intervals and on channels mainly watched by youth, to increase its awareness.
• YouTube: H&M has its own YouTube channel where it comes up with unique ad campaigns to engage with the customers.
• Digital Marketing: It indulges in excessive search engine marketing and social media marketing to convert the potential buyers into consumers.
• Promo codes and discounts: Promo codes and discounts are offered during the end of season sale. The discounts are offered on both online and retail stores. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
• Sponsorships: H&M signed deal with The Weekend, sponsors Caitlyn Jenner, sponsors Musee Des Arts Decoratifs, Creative collaborations with high end designers and style icons, Collaborations with pop stars and sport stars
• CSR: Water, Planet, Education, Equality
 
Levi’s has always established upon the uniqueness and individuality aspects of the young generation while trying to market itself to the youth. The company’s “Be Yourself” campaign gained immense popularity. The company has also promoted itself majorly in Europe through public exhibitions organized by the company to trace the development of the brand from close to 150 years back. A few years back, Levi’s also introduced a “smart jacket”. A new waterless technology was also launched as part of promotional efforts for the brand. These products in the signature ranges used significantly less water while cleaning and hence were projected to be more environment friendly. Levi’s works in association with the Red Tab Foundation which works to provide financial safety to company employees, retired employees and their respective families. The promotions include television ads, newspaper print ads, hoardings and banners, internet, newspapers and billboards along with displays in magazines. Hence this completes the marketing mix of Levi’s.
 
Zara barely spends any money on advertising. It is famous for being press shy. Even its owner never gives any press interviews. Unlike its competitors, Zara doesn’t engage in any flashy campaigns. This is the reason why Zara’s advertisements are not visible on television. Zara’s unique selling proposition is its short processing time, a large variety of styles and affordable pricing. It relies on word of mouth promotion and social media rather than expensive marketing tools. Zara’s social media reach is quite exceptional. It has 2.5 million followers on Facebook and 15 million followers on Instagram. It is interesting to note that Zara doesn’t put its logo on their products.
Zara prefers spending their percentage of revenue in opening new stores. The brand spends money on expensive real estate for its stores and on its décor. Zara believes that its show windows are suffice for advertisements and they do not need anything else to sell their products. This concludes the marketing mix of Zara.
 

 
Recommended Strategies for JGJ, Inc.
 
Product:
JGJ Inc. will offer a variety of products in premium segment fashion and lifestyle. They provide style, quality, and value to the buyers and focus on the classic American designs by adding a youthful twist. The various product categories in its marketing mix offered to include:

  • Denims, Clothing, Shoes, Handbags, Lifestyle and Home décor

The core product line of JGJ will offers designs across different categories and is targeted at 25-40 years old customers. JGJ will introduce products for the kids’ section. JGJ brand is targeted at a younger customer section of 18-30 years old and has more edgy and casual designs.
Product Development Team: A team comprises of highly innovative people will be hired for product development. Their duties will be to study current market trends and demands.
 
PRICE:
When a company introduces a new product or enters a new market, customers may not be willing to pay a higher price as the product is new and they are not aware of its uses or features, or performance. Pricing can influence the perception, in the consumer’s minds, regarding the product as well. Low-priced products may create an impression of inferior products. On the flip side, the high-priced products may develop a perception of being overpriced. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.  In such a scenario, while setting the price, JGJ will research the competitor’s pricing and similar/alternative products.

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Value Pricing Strategy
The value pricing strategy sits somewhere between the budget and luxury segments. The key to value pricing is to strike a balance between cost and quality. Value shoppers are unwilling to sacrifice quality for low prices, but they are also reluctant to pay more than apparel is worth simply for a famous brand logo.
JGJ is a high-end Eco-fashion brand, and it will charge a premium on its products, but as compared to its competitors, its prices come in the lower segment. The company will follow a discount-based pricing model in its marketing mix and sell products in major off-seasons. The JGJ collection is priced in the higher part as it can charge a premium based on its value, quality. This price is low enough to ensure rapid growth in the market yet still provide a very healthy profit,
 
PLACE:
While deciding on the place, the company needs to position and make available the product at locations easily accessible to the intended end-users.
There are three essential stages involved in the distribution and sale of eco fiber, i.e., raw material producer/distributors, textile/fabric manufacturers, and apparel manufacturers. Producers or farmers play an essential role in the production of raw material. In recent years, the high prices of raw materials have made it competitive and popular. Farmers generally retain 12 to 15 percent of their production for crop and price advantage. Organic cotton producers generally keep a hefty profit margin due to the high demand for the material; however, the other raw material producers may not maintain a high-profit margin. The wholesalers procure the raw materials from farmers through commission agents and distribute them to the product manufacturers. In contrast, some farmers prefer to sell their crop directly to the product manufacturers to avoid the third part commission.
JGJ Inc will be a global brand, and therefore it must have a global presence through its chain of retail stores and online shopping websites. The company will have its stores as well as a franchise-based model for retail. The products are also available online on the company’s website, as well as other eCommerce portals.
Since JGJ Inc is a US-based company, they will procure raw material from local wholesalers, and buyback offers at their retail stores.
JGJ will distribute the product through trucks in different locations in the USA and Central America. To save costs and reduce the risk of uninterrupted distribution, JGJ will use its distribution channels as most distribution will be in local markets, i.e. the USA. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
 
PROMOTION:
JGJ Inc will follow an aggressive marketing strategy using different channels to reach out to its customers and to have very high brand visibility. JGJ will use magazine ads, newspaper ads, and billboards for promotions. It also uses celebrities as brand ambassadors. Sales promotion will be done by offering around 10-15% discounts across the product lines during the off-season or special occasions. It also uses point of sale promotions by making their store layout in line with the preppy fashion they offer. JGJ stores will be designed in such a way that they reflect the classic cool of American style. For online promotions, it gives special offers on its website. It also sends emails to its members showcasing the latest arrivals.
With the world going digital, it would be advisable to involve social media tools for defining the promotion mix.
The JGJ website will be available in different languages to attract a global customer.
Other Promotions will include:

  • Drop off location for used cloths works best to create awareness and market
  • Sales promotion and special campaign design
  • Take back scheme or award offers to customers
  • The module on sustainability should be taught in each textile education
  • Interdisciplinary in nature research should be encouraged
  • Add reuse and recycle of textile in sustainability agenda
  • Free samples distribution
  • Participation in popular trade fairs
  • Government sponsor small and medium-size firms
  • Websites to reach out to customers and information link
  • Apps to cater to niche customers
  • Membership and discounts offer to regular customers
  • Awareness messages about sustainability through celebrity endorsing. Overall Market Growth analysis of Eco Textiles Paper.
 
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SBAR Proposal Assignment Paper

SBAR Proposal Assignment Paper
Review all of the work that you have dedicated for your Gemba and data collection.
Select one short-term executable project supported by the Gemba and data collection.
Create a 1- to 2-page SBAR Proposal.
Note: Be mindful of the proper protocols required to submit SBARs at your place of employment. Be sure to follow up with your employer to ensure that your SBAR has been received.

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Cite any resources you may have used in your SBAR.
Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.

SBAR proposal explains the four components of any project. These four components are Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendations. The SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, and Recommendation) technique provides a framework for communication betweenmembers of the health care team about the patient’s condition (Shahid & Thomas, 2018).Situation:Julie was living in the outskirts of the city. She was living with her son of 14 years old. It was difficult for her to access to the hospitals or healthcare facility in any disease condition. One day, her son suffered from high fever and stomach pain. Immediately, she wanted to get her son to thedoctor. Background:When I have monitored the healthcare system of my community, I have looked that most of the people are far beyond the access of healthcare services, due to choice of their physical location, physical ability, living circumstances, or resource of transport. People face harsh conditions to. SBAR Proposal Assignment Paper.
 
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