HISTORY OF ART THROUGH THE MIDDLE AGES (PROJECT)

Artistic Change in Sculpture

Relative to human history, the period covered in this week’s study is long. During this lengthy span of years, not only did people change in appearance, but the way they lived also changed radically. What we have found of their art and architecture also demonstrates an evolution in these areas.

Using your eBook, find one example of sculpture from each of the following periods: Paleolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze OR Iron Age.

View these sculpture pieces carefully. Capture an image of each of the three sculptures and place them in chronological order, from oldest to newest, in this template. Then, using information from your textbook, lectures, and other appropriate academic sources, provide the following regarding each image:

  1. The title of the work, its location, the materials used to create the work (if known), and the date.
  2. A brief assessment of the visual properties you observe. Describe the types of lines, shapes, colors and textures (actual and perceived) the artist has used.
  3. An analysis of the formal structure of each piece. What is the meaning or importance of how the artist has arranged, organized, or structured the visual elements in the image?
  4. The natural subject of each piece. Based on your textbook reading and Internet research, are there any details that have a symbolic meaning? If so, what?
  5. A five- to seven-sentence paragraph that discusses the cultural context of each work, based on what you have learned through your textbook reading, the online lectures, and Internet research. What do the images tell you about the culture and the people who created them?
  6. List of references, including the specific websites where you found the images.
 
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AMERICAN HISTORY DISCUSSION

After the end of World War I, overall economic growth exploded in the US in the early 1920s, but then there was a severe economic breakdown with the Great Depression of 1929-1939.

Choose and discuss (in a full paragraph or two) one of the following two topics related to the 1920s and1930s.

  1. The textbook highlights the significant emergence of new cultural trends due to improved technology (radio, movies, photography) and the spread of books & magazines (writers) in the “roaring” 1920s as well as in the 1930s, and also to new movements like the Harlem Renaissance, consumerism, and new “norms” for women.
    • Consider the new technology of radio and photography. With specific examples from the 1920s, discuss how these new technologies helped one of the movements and trends above.
    • Explain whether you think this helped to develop a more unified national culture or more individuality, and identify a similar example today with technology helping a trend or movement.
    • Identify the source(s) where you read about the trend of the 1920s.
  2. The Great Depression (1929-1939) was one of the most devastating economic downturns that America has ever experienced. Determine whether you believe that the federal responses to the Great Depression by President Franklin Roosevelt encouraged real economic growth and confidence or whether the arguments by critics of the day were accurate that it made the Depression last longer.
    • Identify your position and support it with at least two specific examples of New Deal responses.
    • Provide a rationale for your response.
    • From this historical experience, identify any lessons for today for handling or avoiding severe economic downturns in the U.S. economy.
    • Identify the source(s) where you read about the New Deal responses.
 
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In an essay of at least 750 words, explain how American culture changed during the Great Depression and Second World War experiences. Can we still see these changes in operation today?

In an essay of at least 750 words, explain how American culture changed during the Great Depression and Second World War experiences. Can we still see these changes in operation today?

 
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HISTORY OF ART THROUGH THE MIDDLE AGES

Question 1: Defining Art

In a minimum of 4 well-developed paragraphs, address the following questions:

Do you consider a beautifully made tool to be a work of art? Is a utilitarian or functional object automatically excluded from being art? Explain why you feel this way.

In your response, discuss whether knowing the social and historical context matters when determining whether an object should be classified as a work of art. Must an object display certain visual characteristics to be considered art? If so, what are those characteristics?

Question 2: Paleolithic Cave Painting

As we learned this week, art historians analyze a work of art using a specific vocabulary to describe its physical and visual properties, and by interpreting its subject matter, symbolism, and socio-historical context.

Survey your course textbook and reliable online sources for a photograph of a Paleolithic cave painting from Pech-Merle, France; Altamira, Spain; or Lascaux, France.

First, fully identify your selected cave painting by its location and approximate date.

Read about your selected cave painting in the course textbook and/or through reliable online resources. In a paragraph of 5-7 sentences, describe the composition of the painting; its overall subject matter; the meaning of some of the objects in the painting; and any social, historical, and/or cultural factors that are important to understanding the painting. Be sure to provide citations for any outside sources you reference in this part of your response.

Respond to both discussion questions as thoroughly as possible, making sure to use information from the readings and the lectures. All responses should be in complete sentence form, using proper spelling and grammar. Be sure to explain your ideas clearly and support them by discussing specific works of art that you have read about this week, talking about how they illustrate and support your ideas.

 
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HISTORY OF ART THROUGH THE MIDDLE AGES

Question 1: Defining Art

In a minimum of 4 well-developed paragraphs, address the following questions:

Do you consider a beautifully made tool to be a work of art? Is a utilitarian or functional object automatically excluded from being art? Explain why you feel this way.

In your response, discuss whether knowing the social and historical context matters when determining whether an object should be classified as a work of art. Must an object display certain visual characteristics to be considered art? If so, what are those characteristics?

Question 2: Paleolithic Cave Painting

As we learned this week, art historians analyze a work of art using a specific vocabulary to describe its physical and visual properties, and by interpreting its subject matter, symbolism, and socio-historical context.

Survey your course textbook and reliable online sources for a photograph of a Paleolithic cave painting from Pech-Merle, France; Altamira, Spain; or Lascaux, France.

First, fully identify your selected cave painting by its location and approximate date.

Read about your selected cave painting in the course textbook and/or through reliable online resources. In a paragraph of 5-7 sentences, describe the composition of the painting; its overall subject matter; the meaning of some of the objects in the painting; and any social, historical, and/or cultural factors that are important to understanding the painting. Be sure to provide citations for any outside sources you reference in this part of your response.

Respond to both discussion questions as thoroughly as possible, making sure to use information from the readings and the lectures. All responses should be in complete sentence form, using proper spelling and grammar. Be sure to explain your ideas clearly and support them by discussing specific works of art that you have read about this week, talking about how they illustrate and support your ideas.

 
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Discuss a current museum issue. What challenges and opportunities does it represent? You should include specific examples.

In a three-page research paper, discuss a current museum issue. What challenges and opportunities does it represent? You should include specific examples. Your bibliography must have a minimum of three sources.

Current Issues: these can include but are not limited to: Pop-Up and Experience-based Exhibition Spaces (Wonderspaces, Museum of Ice Cream, Meow Wolf, etc.), controversial exhibitions (Whitney Biennial 2017, Sensation, Enola Gay, Hide/Seek), deacessioning, Nazi-era provenance, and cultural patrimony (Parthenon/Elgin Marbles, British Museum).

General instructions:

1. Use Chicago Style and double space papers

2. Papers should be thoroughly and thoughtfully researched, and should be accompanied by footnotes and bibliography. PLAGIARISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED. If you are confused on any point, please consult with your professor.

3. Many good scholarly articles are available through JSTOR

4. Dictionary and encyclopedia resources such as Oxford Art Online are good sources forbibliography, but should not be cited in your list of sources.

5. You may find useful:

Museum (Journal published by the American Association of Museums)

Museum Matters (a blog: https://cgpmuseummatters.wordpress.com) (Links to an external site.)

New York Times (Friday and Sunday Arts Section)

Hyperallergic.com

 
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Week 5 Assignment: Case Study

World War I
Review the following resources:

Then, address the following:

  • Trace the origins of World War I, and assess if the world war was inevitable in 1914?
  • Explain if it was possible for the United States to maintain neutrality in World War I. If yes, explain how. If no, explain why not.
  • Analyze if the United States should have entered World War I to make the world safe for democracy.
  • Analyze if the Treaty of Versailles was a fair and effective settlement for lasting world peace.
  • Explain if the United States Senate should have approved of the Treaty of Versailles.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 3-4 pages (not including title page or references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page
  • In-text citations that correspond with your end references
 
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U.S History

1. Compare and contrast life in the Chesapeake Bay and New England colonies. What were their purposes in being there? How did they interact with their environments and the native inhabitants of the lands on which they settled?

2. How did chattel slavery differ from indentured servitude? How did the former system come to replace the latter? What were the results of this shift?

3. How did the ideas of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening offer opposing outlooks to British Americans? What similarities were there between the two schools of thought?

4. Why did the colonists react so much more strongly to the Stamp Act than to the Sugar Act? How did the principles that the Stamp Act raised continue to provide points of contention between colonists and the British government?

Please number the answer as received. No reference needed.

 
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Depression and WW2

In an essay of at least 750 words, explain how American culture changed during the Great Depression and Second World War experiences. Can we still see these changes in operation today?

 
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