Role Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO’s ) Paper

Role Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO’s ) Paper

This week, the topic of this discussion board is to examine the role intergovernmental organizations (IGO’s), more casually known as international organizations, play on the global stage.
International organizations provide an invaluable avenue by which countries can come together and attempt to reach common ground on a variety of disputes. In addition, international organizations are used by the global community to coordinate a myriad of programs and efforts associated with addressing challenges, such as disaster relief, peacekeeping, and global epidemics (for example, the present coronavirus epidemic).  Role Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO’s ) Paper.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

emember to use at least one outside resource (besides your textbook) to help construct your initial post.
By the end of the week, you should be able to understand and apply the following course outcome:
“Describe the impact of foreign affairs and international relations on a nation.”
Please view the following video on the European Union. A link is located below:
The European Union Explained* (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Initial Post Instructions
Pick one international organization (UN, EU, ICC, etc.). Explain its mission and function. Assess how issues of state sovereignty are dealt with for member countries. Use evidence (cite sources) to support your response from assigned readings or online lessons, and at least one outside scholarly source.
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least one peer. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification. Minimum of 1 scholarly source, which can include your textbook or assigned readings or may be from your additional scholarly research.
Writing Requirements
·  Minimum of 2 posts (1 initial & 1 follow-up)
·  Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside scholarly source)
·  APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Role Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO’s ) Paper

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Health History and Medical Information Paper

Health History and Medical Information Paper

It is necessary for an RN-BSN-prepared nurse to demonstrate an enhanced understanding of the pathophysiological processes of disease, the clinical manifestations and treatment protocols, and how they affect clients across the life span.
Evaluate the Health History and Medical Information for Mrs. J., presented below.
Based on this information, formulate a conclusion based on your evaluation, and complete the Critical Thinking Essay assignment, as instructed below. Health History and Medical Information Paper.
Health History and Medical Information
Health History
Mrs. J. is a 63-year-old married woman who has a history of hypertension, chronic heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite requiring 2L of oxygen/nasal cannula at home during activity, she continues to smoke two packs of cigarettes a day and has done so for 40 years. Three days ago, she had sudden onset of flu-like symptoms including fever, productive cough, nausea, and malaise. Over the past 3 days, she has been unable to perform ADLs and has required assistance in walking short distances. She has not taken her antihypertensive medications or medications to control her heart failure for 3 days. Today, she has been admitted to the hospital ICU with acute decompensated heart failure and acute exacerbation of COPD.
Subjective Data

  1. Is very anxious and asks whether she is going to die.
  2. Denies pain but says she feels like she cannot get enough air.
  3. Says her heart feels like it is “running away.”
  4. Reports that she is exhausted and cannot eat or drink by herself.

Objective Data

  1. Height 175 cm; Weight 95.5kg.
  2. Vital signs: T 37.6C, HR 118 and irregular, RR 34, BP 90/58.
  3. Cardiovascular: Distant S1, S2, S3 present; PMI at sixth ICS and faint: all peripheral pulses are 1+; bilateral jugular vein distention; initial cardiac monitoring indicates a ventricular rate of 132 and atrial fibrillation.
  4. Respiratory: Pulmonary crackles; decreased breath sounds right lower lobe; coughing frothy blood-tinged sputum; SpO2 82%. Health History and Medical Information Paper.
  5. Gastrointestinal: BS present: hepatomegaly 4cm below costal margin.

    ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

Intervention
The following medications administered through drug therapy control her symptoms:

  1. IV furosemide (Lasix)
  2. Enalapril (Vasotec)
  3. Metoprolol (Lopressor)
  4. IV morphine sulphate (Morphine)
  5. Inhaled short-acting bronchodilator (ProAir HFA)
  6. Inhaled corticosteroid (Flovent HFA)
  7. Oxygen delivered at 2L/ NC

Critical Thinking Essay
In 750-1,000 words, critically evaluate Mrs. J.’s situation. Include the following:

  1. Describe the clinical manifestations present in Mrs. J.
  2. Discuss whether the nursing interventions at the time of her admissions were appropriate for Mrs. J. and explain the rationale for each of the medications listed.
  3. Describe four cardiovascular conditions that may lead to heart failure and what can be done in the form of medical/nursing interventions to prevent the development of heart failure in each condition.
  4. Taking into consideration the fact that most mature adults take at least six prescription medications, discuss four nursing interventions that can help prevent problems caused by multiple drug interactions in older patients. Provide a rationale for each of the interventions you recommend. Health History and Medical Information Paper.
  5. Provide a health promotion and restoration teaching plan for Mrs. J., including multidisciplinary resources for rehabilitation and any modifications that may be needed. Explain how the rehabilitation resources and modifications will assist the patients’ transition to independence.
  6. Describe a method for providing education for Mrs. J. regarding medications that need to be maintained to prevent future hospital admission. Provide rationale.
  7. Outline COPD triggers that can increase exacerbation frequency, resulting in return visits. Considering Mrs. J.’s current and long-term tobacco use, discuss what options for smoking cessation should be offered.

You are required to cite to a minimum of two sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and relevant to nursing practice.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.  Health History and Medical Information Paper.

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care

Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care
Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care Since the culture and practices of care settings are inherently different, changes in sites of care are often difficult for geriatric patients. Efforts should be made to limit changes to only those necessary; however, sometimes a patient’s situation might require multiple changes in sites of care. When selecting sites of care, such as home, assisted living, rehabilitation facilities, and hospitals, many factors must be considered by patients, their families, and their health care providers. Health status, ability to perform self-care, financial limitations, and patient preferences are all factors that might influence a patient’s site placement. As an advanced practice nurse who recommends sites of care and facilitates changes, you must evaluate factors and consider sites that limit the impact of these changes on geriatric patients. To prepare: Review this week’s media presentation, as well as Chapters 3 and 8 of the Resnick text. Reflect on your personal experiences, observations, and/or clinical practices from the last 5 years. Select a case from the last 5 years that involves an elderly patient who has been in two different sites of care such as home, assisted living, hospital, etc. Note: Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

When referring to your patient, make sure to use a pseudonym or other false form of identification. This is to ensure the privacy and protection of the patient. Reflect on issues that occurred because of the change in the patient’s sites of care. Think about the impact of differences in the settings themselves, inherent cultures of the settings, and ethical practices of these sites on the patient. Consider whether the patient had an advanced directive in place at the time of the change in sites of care. Reflect on whether any difficult treatment decisions had to be made as a result. Think about the impact of financial issues on site placement and treatment decisions. By Day 3 Post a description of a case from your personal or clinical experiences in the last 5 years that involves an elderly patient who has been in at least two different sites of care. Explain the impact of differences in the settings themselves, inherent culture of the settings, and ethical practices of these sites on the patient. Then, explain whether the patient had an advanced directive in place at the time of the change in sites of care, and if so, whether any difficult treatment decisions had to be made as a result. Finally, explain the impact of financial issues on site placement and treatment decisions. Discussion: Changes in Sites of Care

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper

Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper
Nurses can keep up to date with all the data compiled from clinical research and evidence-based practice thanks to developments in communication technology, which has resulted in a vast expansion of knowledge and information. Understanding basic research designs and processes can help you differentiate quality research from credible sources with verifiable data. The aim of this paper is to assess different aspects of two research studies that have been published in clinical journals and concentrate on the successful integration of self-management and healthy lifestyle habits in the areas of hand washing and nosocomial infections (Camargo et.al, 2018). Each author aims to illustrate the useful insight into the advantages and drawbacks of each and their implementation in clinical practice by contrasting the elements from quantitative and qualitative research studies.
Interrelationship between Theory, Research, and EBP
Evidence based on practice, research and theory are the pillars of the nursing profession. These three concepts interact in a reciprocal and cyclical way. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper. Medical evidence-based practice generates empirical issues and expertise in theory (Ellis, 2019). Research informs evidence-based practice and advances understanding by advancing hypotheses. Theoretical frameworks direct studies and help to strengthen evidence-based practice.
Successful nursing practice entails treating patients with experience, expertise, compassion, and imagination in an accessible, safe, and considerate manner. Research findings represent an important part of the knowledge involved in the decision-making of nursing health. Ideally, all recommendations on medical care base on research evidence.
Study and theory have a reciprocal relationship in which research generates further information and theory. Theory is essential to the research process, as it serves as a backdrop for providing insight and guidance to the research sample (Camargo et.al, 2018). Theory may also guide the study process by developing and testing hypotheses of interest. Practice is the basis for the development of nursing theory, while nursing theory must be substantiated in practice.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

Article 1
Asadollahi, M., Bostanabad, M. A., Jebraili, M., Mahallei, M., Rasooli, A. S., & Abdolalipour, M. (2016). Nurses’ knowledge regarding hand hygiene and its individual and organizational predictors. Journal of caring sciences4(1), 45
Research Questions
Does apposite hand washing among healthcare practitioners decreases nosocomial infections transmission rates to patients.
Sampling and Sampling Size
Survey method with questionnaire administered to 150 employed nurses in selected settings
The study setting was Tabriz teaching hospitals. Study population is employed nurses in the study area who were participated after census sampling. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper.
Research Design
The researchers created questionnaires to assess participants’ knowledge of hand hygiene, which were then used after they were approved for reliability and validity.
Hypothesis
Due to nurse’s critical roles, they should have essential and updated information concerning hand hygiene.
Data Collection Methods
The study embraced a descriptive and cross-sectional design, with the researchers using a questionnaire as the research tool. The questionnaire design based on literature, guidelines, and article reviews. The qualitative study of the research applied Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) by descriptive statistics and the Pearson correlation test. The t-test on independent samples and one way ANOVA were used, hence the significance of qualitative methodology to respond to the study question.
Research Findings from the Study
The study found out that nurses were indigent of knowing the collective ideologies of hand asepsis procedures for disease transmission prevention. The findings showed that the concept of hand hygiene should be integrated into nurses’ training. Increased nosocomial infections result from healthcare providers’ dire lack of knowledge on following established guidelines
Article 2
Goodarzi, Z., Haghani, S., Rezazade, E., Abdolalizade, M., & Khachian, A. (2020). Investigating the Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Hand Hygiene of Nursing Employees Working in Intensive Care Units of Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2018-2019. Maedica15(2), 230.
Research Questions
Given that pathogen transmission in hospitals is through contaminated hands of health care employee, does hand hygiene observation effect in prevention of nosocomial infections?
What is the experience, mindset, and understanding of nurses employed in intensive care units of Iran University of Medical Sciences treatment centers about hand hygiene?
Sampling and Sampling Size
The study utilized cross-sectional study conducted on a sample composed of 600 nurses, assistant nurses and assistant paramedics working in intensive care units of seven medical educational centers of Iran University of Medical Sciences. The census used 366 persons to freely participated in the study. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper.
Research Design
Data analysis uses SPSS, version 20, with descriptive statistics, frequency distribution tables for qualitative variables and numerical indices as well as standard deviation for quantitative variables.
Hypothesis
Non-compliance with hand hygiene such as poor knowledge contribute to nosocomial infection upsurge
Data Collection Methods
The study utilized organization questionnaire on hand hygiene attitude provided to all the nursing employees with reference to the intensive care units.
Research Findings from the Study
Structured and continuous educational programs with effective methods, maintain, promote and remove nurse’s deficit of knowledge about hand hygiene and nosocomial infections. Of all the nurses involved in the study, 56.6% had knowledge of hand hygiene, 71.3% had impartial attitude and 64.5% had a high perception.
The goals, health outcomes and implementation strategies in the healthcare setting (EBP) based on the articles
There is a surge of challenges of associated healthcare infections in modern society, the harshness of sickness, and the involvedness of controlling drug-resistant diseases. Healthcare providers have resorted to using basic infection prevention approaches with hand hygiene as one of the measures. Augmenting hand cleanliness is a vital tool for nosocomial disease avoidance. Promotions of procedures that facilitate hand hygiene have a top precedence to promote patient’s wellbeing (Goodrazi et.al, 2019). However, there are challenges in implementing hand hygiene routines, hence a low clinical practical acquiescence. Several recent studies have convened that appropriate application of hand sanitation has implications in reducing the risk of cross-contraction of nosocomial conditions in healthcare facilities. Cognizant by the studies’ findings, the current task is critical appraisal of the qualitative research done by Asodollahi et al. (2016) and Goodarzi et.al (2019).
According to the studies, health care facilities have inconsistency in knowledge score, attitude and perception of hand hygiene. The discrepancy is accredited to differences in hospital regulations, educational methods, and diversity in the chosen neonates ward’s conditions. To avert the spread of infectious agents to patients, hand washing is critical despite the lack of standard methods for measuring compliance (Asodollahi et al. (2016). In relation to Goodrazi et.al (2019) findings, the studies determined whether proper hand sanitization by among healthcare practitioners could minimize occurrences of nosocomial infections. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper. To attain the research objective, the study focused on the evaluation of nurses’ understanding of hand washing. The findings confirmed that nurses are knowledgeable about hand hygiene. However, variance exists among the nurse’s knowledge of handwashing concepts. After multivariate analysis, the study resolved that nurses’ familiarity and preceding education concerning hand hygiene were significant for their knowledge of handwashing.
The studies found out that nurses were indigent of knowing the collective ideologies of hand asepsis procedures for disease transmission prevention. The findings showed that the concept of hand hygiene should be integrated into nurses’ training. Increased nosocomial infections result from healthcare providers’ dire lack of knowledge on following established guidelines to prevent the spread (Goodrazi et.al, 2019). The majority of the practitioners claim that hand hygiene regulations are unrealistic and better solutions can be formulated in cases of needed hand hygiene. Another findings from the research showed that statistically, there is a relation between prior training classes and comprehension of nurses’ actions towards proper hand sanitation. On the other side, educational courses do not provide important success in facilitating nurses’ knowledge and hand hygiene. On an educational program note contending that different training methods should be adopted for hand hygiene reinforcement in the nursing staff. The adoption aims at promoting hand hygiene knowledge, which is instrumental to the prevention of nosocomial infections among nurses.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

            Additionally, the findings showed that nurses articulated the necessity of enduring education on handwashing to prepare them with information of the effective decrease of nosocomial infections. Therefore, the organizations responsible of infection control in healthcare settings should focus on enhancing nurses’ hand hygiene acquaintance. The techniques should follow the implementation of a framework such as revising their teaching methods, focusing on the current guidelines, and positioning experienced nurses in the neonatal units. Adopting strict hand hygiene and devotion to regulations is useful in significantly reducing nosocomial infections in neonatal units, and hospitals and medical staff should embrace them.
Credibility of the Sources and Research/Researchers Findings
The studies consider nurses’ knowledge in different conditions and by checking consistency and results correspondence to established theories, the findings are accurate and reproducible hence valid and reliable. The results reflects real variations accurately and based on the data collection process, the findings are seem unbiased hence credible and trustworthy. As a result, the planning on sample set and size, external conditions in place and the techniques measured shows that the values found are alongside the main results therefore, the validity and reliability of the studies. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper.
References
Camargo, F. C., Iwamoto, H. H., Galvão, C. M., Pereira, G. D. A., Andrade, R. B., & Masso, G. C. (2018). Competences and Barriers for the Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing: an integrative review. Revista brasileira de enfermagem71(4), 2030-2038.
Ellis, P. (2019). Evidence-based practice in nursing. Learning Matters.
Goodarzi, Z., Haghani, S., Rezazade, E., Abdolalizade, M., & Khachian, A. (2020). Investigating the Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Hand Hygiene of Nursing Employees Working in Intensive Care Units of Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2018-2019. Maedica15(2), 230.
Asadollahi, M., Bostanabad, M. A., Jebraili, M., Mahallei, M., Rasooli, A. S., & Abdolalipour, M. (2016). Nurses’ knowledge regarding hand hygiene and its individual and organizational predictors. Journal of caring sciences4(1), 45. Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices Paper.
 

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"