PHI210 Final Exam 2017

Question

Question 1 Courtnie has been allergic to cats as long as she can remember; this requires her doctor to give her an allergy shot. On her 26th birthday she spends the day in a house with cats and has no reaction. Therefore the allergy shot has helped Courtnie overcome her reaction to cats. The explanation for why she had no reaction describes which of the following?

Question 2 Cliff wants to determine whether people prefer red apples or green apples. In order to obtain good results, he decides to conduct this survey at a car festival. Out of the 5000 people who attended the festival, Cliff surveys 10 attendees randomly. The survey reads, “Which do you prefer, red apples or green apples?” Seven of ten people surveyed answer that they prefer red apples. From his survey, Cliff concludes that most people prefer red apples. Cliff’s results may not be reliable because of which of the following problems with his study?

Question 3 Mary grows hundreds of fruit trees in her orchard. The trees range in age, size, and type. Mary’s neighbor states, “Now that Mary has listened to my advice, 93% of her trees are bearing fruit.” What makes this conclusion difficult to evaluate?

Question 4 A scientist is hired to do research for a tobacco company. Anyone reading the scientist’s conclusions should be aware that the scientist may be which of the following?

Question 5 Which of the following practices would MOST likely be considered pseudoscience?

Question 6 Matt and his roommate Gamal argue repeatedly about wearing shoes in the house versus taking them off at the door. Eventually, both are fed up with constantly arguing. They decide to sit down and talk, and not get up until they come to a resolution. This is an example of which decision-making strategy?

Question 7 Which of the following is the order of the problem-solving process?

Question 8 Bryan is the manager of his company’s IT department. One morning a server cluster loses power. Bryan first checks the power supply, the power cables, the wall outlet, and finally the circuit breaker to find what caused the power outage. What did Bryan do?

Question 9 Which of the following BEST demonstrates “articulating why the decision is necessary?”

Question 10 Dharamdas is looking to buy a new laptop since his old laptop has finally stopped working. He has made a list of all the laptop brands that could potentially fit his needs, and now he is reading reviews and narrowing down his list based on what he learns. Which stage in the problem-solving process is Dharamdas practicing?

Question 11 To Albert, the word “love” brings up positive feelings about his son; to Raj, it brings up negative feelings about a previous relationship; and to Anthony, it refers to the warm feeling he gets during family gatherings. Which category of meaning are these statements describing?

Question 12 Using the term “snail mail” to describe postal mail is an example of which of these?

Question 13 Which statement best describes the relationship between intent and form?

Question 14 A reader analyzes the four categories of meaning in order to do what?

Question 15 Why might advertisers find it appealing to promise that they have a “better” product than the competition?

Question 16 What is an inherent problem with moral relativism?

Question 17 Consider the following argument: Premise 1: Michael took an apple from the farm stand. Premise 2: Stealing is wrong. Conclusion: Therefore, Michael was wrong for stealing the apple. The statement, “stealing is wrong” is an example of which of the following?

Question 18 Which of the following BEST illustrates a justification?

Question 19 What makes an argument an ethical argument?

Question 20 Every day on his way to work, Frederic stops by a large chain hotel at which he is not staying, walks into the lobby, and helps himself to the continental breakfast. He believes this is the right thing to do because it saves him a lot of money and is very convenient. What ethical theory is he using to justify his actions?

Question 21 Which of the following statements uses “innuendo”?

Question 22 Which of the following is an example of the post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy?

Question 23 Adam posted in a thread about theoretical physics. In his post he refuted General Relativity and cited a paper that was recently self-published by one person on her own personal website and had no references to other works in the field. Which important question did Adam not answer sufficiently when evaluating the cited paper?

Question 24 If someone who did not accept scientific claims that climate is changing read “nothing about the science of climate change can be called into question at this point, because there is a consensus among 97 percent of scientists,” that person could, based on this quote, make the argument that there is a _________ fallacy in the climate change argument.

Question 25 When listening to people debating a topic, a critical thinker should ignore _________.

 
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When The Price Of A Good Falls, There Will Be __________.

Question

1. Question :

When the price of a good falls, there will be __________.

an outward shift in the good’s demand curve

both an outward shift in the good’s demand curve and a movement along the good’s demand curve

a movement along the good’s demand curve

no change in quantity demanded

Question 2. Question :

If the price of Pepsi increases, then there will be ________ of Pepsi.

a decrease in the supply

an increase in the supply

an increase in the quantity supplied

a decrease in the quantity supplied

Question 3. Question :

Refer to the figure below. The equilibrium price and quantity are __________.

image

$2 and 12 units

$6 and 9 units

$8 and 6 units

$10 and 1 unit

Question 4. Question :

In the automobile industry, workers have just negotiated a new contract giving workers a large raise. There has also been an increase in the number of licensed drivers who are in the market for a new car. In the market for new automobiles, the effects that these changes will have on the equilibrium price and quantity are: __________.

price will increase, and quantity will decrease

price will increase, and the effect on quantity is indeterminate

price will decrease, and quantity will increase

price will decrease, and the effect on quantity is indeterminate

Question 5. Question :

In a market, the rationing function of prices results in __________.

long queues or waiting lines

a price ceiling

equilibrium

a shortage or surplus

Question 6. Question :

If a price floor is set below the current market clearing price, then __________.

a surplus must immediately occur

a shortage must immediately occur

there will be incentives for black markets to develop

quantity demanded will remain equal to quantity supplied at the current market clearing price

Question 7. Question :

A result of a positive externality in the production of a good is that __________.

the price system will over-allocate resources to the production of that good or service

the price system will under-allocate resources to the production of that good or service

the market supply will be too high

the market demand will be too high

Question 8. Question :

A fundamental aspect of public goods is that they __________.

are just like private goods EXCEPT that everybody wants to consume the same amount

have positive externalities

are characterized by the principle of rival consumption

can be consumed jointly by many people simultaneously

Question 9. Question :

The free-rider problem is encountered when __________.

someone benefits from the consumption of a public good without paying his or her full share

all individuals who consume a public good pay for it

all goods consumed and produced are private goods

all individuals are willing to pay for what they consume

Question 10. Question :

If a seller lowers the price of a product when demand is price inelastic, then the seller can expect revenues to __________.

rise

fall

stay the same

either rise or fall, but it is impossible to determine which

Question 11. Question :

When two goods are unrelated, __________.

the demands for both goods will be inelastic

cross price elasticity of demand will be 0

cross price elasticity of demand will be negative

cross price elasticity of demand will be positive

Question 12. Question :

If one’s demand for peanut butter decreases as income rises, then the income elasticity of demand for the product is __________.

elastic

inelastic

unit elastic

negative

Question 13. Question :

On a hot summer day, a construction worker enters a McDonald’s fast-food restaurant. He orders the first Big Mac. He consumes it within 3 minutes. He then orders a second Big Mac and consumes it in 10 minutes. He eats only half of the third one in 18 minutes and throws away the rest. The store manager offers him the fourth for free. The construction worker says: “No thanks.” Why?

For the construction worker, total utility increased at an increasing rate.

Marginal utility increased at an increasing rate.

Marginal utility declined as he consumed additional Big Macs.

The law of diminishing marginal utility does not apply to consumption of Big Macs.

Question 14. Question :

If a consumer concludes that the marginal utility of the last dollar spent on vegetables exceeds the marginal utility of the last dollar spent on junk food, he will respond by

consuming relatively more junk food and fewer vegetables

consuming relatively more vegetables and less junk food

consuming equal amounts of vegetables and junk food

halting consumption of junk food altogether

Question 15. Question :

The substitution effect shows that __________.

if the price of a good increases, consumers buy more of that good and less of all others

if the price of a good falls relative to all other goods, consumers buy less of that good and more of all others

if the price of a good falls, consumers buy less of all goods

if the price of a good rises, consumers buy less of that good and more of others

Question 16. Question :

Economists generally define the short run as being __________.

that period of time in which at least one of the firm’s inputs, usually plant size, is fixed

that period of time in which all inputs are variable

any period of time less than one year

any period of time less than six months

Question 17. Question :

The marginal product of labor may increase rapidly initially as more __________.

workers are able to specialize

total product is decreasing

the amount of other inputs is held constant

workers will get crowded in a fixed factory

Question 18. Question :

A decrease in long-run average costs resulting from increases in output is __________.

attributed to economies of scale

attributed to diseconomies of scale

attributed to constant returns to scale

attributed to the law of diminishing marginal product

Question 19. Question :

In a perfectly competitive industry __________.

each firm is a price maker

no buyer or seller can influence the market price

there is apt to be a shortage of sellers of output

firms can never make an economic profit

Question 20. Question :

A firm seeking to maximize economic profits should produce at the output at which __________.

total revenue equals total cost

marginal revenue equals marginal cost

average revenue equals average cost

marginal revenue equals average revenue

Question 21. Question :

Price equals the minimum of long-run average cost __________.

in a long-run equilibrium

in a short-run equilibrium as well as in a long-run equilibrium

whenever average revenue equals marginal cost

along a horizontal long-run supply curve but not along an upward sloping long-run supply curve

Question 22. Question :

To sell one more unit of a good, a monopolist must __________.

lower the price on the last unit only

lower the price on all units

raise the price only on the last unit sold

raise the prices on all goods

Question 23. Question :

Refer to the figure below. What is the profit-maximizing price and output?

$9, 14

$13, 14

$11, 16

$10, 17

Question 24. Question :

A monopolist engages in price discrimination __________.

by charging a higher price to consumers whose demand is more elastic

by charging a higher price when marginal cost is lower

by charging a lower price to consumers whose demand is more elastic

by charging the same price to all consumers

Question 25. Question :

Compared to perfect competition, a monopolistically competitive market will produce ________ output and charge a ________ price.

more; higher

more; lower

less; higher

less; lower

Question 26. Question :

If firms in a monopolistically competitive industry are operating with positive economic profit, over time we would see __________.

firms alter their advertising rates until they made at least normal profits

some firms entering the industry, causing the market supply curve to shift to the right, lowering price

some firms entering the industry, causing the demand curves of the existing firms to shift to the left

some firms entering the industry, causing the demand curves of the existing firms to shift to the right

Question 27. Question :

The brand name of a firm __________.

has nothing to do with the profitability of a firm

has been considered irrelevant by economists since profits for a monopolistic competitive firm are zero in the long-run

relates to consumers’ perception of product differentiation and to the market value of a firm

is important in the short-run but not in the long-run

Question 28. Question :

Which of the following is NOT a necessary condition for oligopoly?

Barriers to entry

Strategic dependence of firms

Differentiated products

Either a small number of firms or market dominance by a small number of firms

Question 29. Question :

Refer to the payoff matrix below for the profits (in $ millions) of two firms (X and Y) making a decision to advertise or not. Which of the following is the outcome of the dominant strategy without cooperation?

Both firm X and firm Y choose not to advertise.

Both firm X and firm Y choose to advertise.

Firm X chooses to advertise while firm Y chooses not to advertise.

Firm X chooses not to advertise while firm Y chooses to advertise.

Question 30. Question :

Cheating in a cartel is more likely to occur if the industry __________.

has a large number of firms

has homogeneous products

has easily observable prices

has little variation in prices

Question 31. Question :

A firm will not hire additional workers once __________.

it earns accounting profits

the additional cost of a worker equals the additional revenue from the worker

total product is rising

the company reaches its breakeven output level

Question 32. Question :

When the demand curve for an input is a derived demand this means that __________.

the demand curve is derived from the demand for the final product being produced

the demand curve depends upon the MFC

the law of diminishing marginal product does not hold

the demand curve slopes upward

Question 33. Question :

The equilibrium wage rate in an industry is determined by __________.

finding where the market supply curve indicates that the substitution effect and income effect of a wage increase are offsetting

the intersection of the market demand curve for labor and the market supply curve for labor

the strength of the substitution effect relative to the elasticity of demand for labor

whether workers or management are better at negotiating

 
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SOC 203 Week 4 Quiz ~ ( All Below Mentioned Questions Answered Correctly ~ Latest Syllabus ~ Perfect Tutorial ~ 100% Correct Answers )

Question 1.ALL BUT ONE of the following are listed as Internet resources that may contribute to relationship and family well-being in society: 

Question 2.It was once legal to fire women workers who become pregnant. 

Question 3.Which of the following industrialized nations does NOT have universal healthcare? 

Question 4.In the United States, healthcare is treated like a/an __________________________. 

Question 5.Which of the following socioeconomic factors is NOT a direct link to Black Americans’ higher rates of diabetes? 

Question 6.In statistics from the first decade of the 21st century, what percentage of people who suffered personal bankruptcies because of medical bills actually had health insurance? 

Question 7.ALL BUT ONE of the following presidents wanted to extend healthcare access: 

Question 8.According to sociologist Erving Goffman, hospitals are unable to facilitate recovery. 

Question 9.What is the largest factor in life expectancy between Black and White Americans?  

Question 10.At what age do children stop receiving the option of being on their parents’ healthcare plan under President Obama’s new healthcare bill? 

Link to other tutorials for SOC 203Just click on Assignment/Discussion name to go to respective tutorial.
·         SOC 203 Week 1 Discussion 1 ( The Sociological Imagination )·         SOC 203 Week 1 Discussion 2 ( Homelessness )·         SOC 203 Week 1 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 2 Assignment ( Final Paper Preparation )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Discussion 1 ( Education and Equality )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Discussion 2 ( Title IX )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 3 Assignment ( The Interconnection of Social Problems )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Discussion 1 ( Hate Crimes )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Discussion 2 ( Prisons and the War on Drugs )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 4 Discussion 1 ( Gay Parenting )·         SOC 203 Week 4 Discussion 2 ( Reinventing Healthcare )·         SOC 203 Week 4 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 5 Assignment ( Final Paper )·         SOC 203 Week 5 Discussion 1 ( Decline of Rural America )·         SOC 203 Week 5 Discussion 2 ( Causes and Impact of Global Warming )
 
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SOC 203 Week 2 Quiz ~ ( All Below Mentioned Questions Answered Correctly ~ Latest Syllabus ~ Perfect Tutorial ~ 100% Correct Answers )

Question 1.According to research by Prudence Carter, student achievement by marginalized ethnic groups correlates to whether or not they feel a part of __________________________. 

Question 2.Which of the following is NOT one of the Millennium Goals concerning equitable education practices? 

Question 3.Which public educator is responsible for the creation and current success of the multi-approach education system of the Harlem Children’s Zone?

Question 4.What term refers to cultural rather than biological difference? 

Question 5.According to the text, children raised by gay parents are more likely to ___________________ than other children.

Question 6.What is one of the primary factors informing a child’s access to quality education?

Question 7.Which of the following disciplines are women less likely to study, leading to education-related economic inequality? 

Question 8.When were Jim Crow segregation laws imposed in the United States?

Question 9.Functionalist theorist Emile Durkheim believed that students should develop a set of _______________ values in order to positively contribute to society. 

Question 10.Which country was the first to legalize gay marriage? 

Question 11.What accounts for women earning less than men, according to conflict theorists?

Question 12.Feminist theorists suggest that gender issues run __________________ across racial divides and categories

Question 13.Which Constitutional amendment granted women the right to vote?

Question 14.What contributed to the expansion of higher education beyond the upper middle classes?

Question 15.What school of thought used scientific tools to label immigrants inferior?

Question 16.Racial categories are fixed. 

Question 17.Which constitutional amendment granted African and African American residents the right to citizenship? 

Question 18.Social forces can cause internalized homophobia. 

Question 19.According to the text, the color-blind ideology ________________ discussions of racial inequality. 

Question 20.Which of the following states is NOT at the top of equitable education funding? 

Question 21.ALL BUT ONE of the following is a positive impact ongoing immigration has afforded the United States, according to the text 

Question 22.Which of the sociological perspectives argues that funding does not always directly correlate to student success? 

Question 23.What type of consequence is racial inequality in the quest for power, according to the conflict perspective? 

Question 24.In an effort to reduce out-of-field teaching in public schools, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 mandated that ______________ classes be taught by highly qualified teachers. 

Question 25.Why did California pass a number of anti-immigration acts against Asians during the 19th and 20th centuries? 

Question 26.Unintended institutional discrimination is formed by racism.

Question 27.Which of the following was NOT listed as a structural effort to disenfranchise non-white people in a burgeoning United States? 

Question 28.In addition to childbearing responsibilities and subsequent time off from work, ALL BUT ONE of the following is a challenge women face on the job: 

Question 29.According to a 2011 U.S. Department of Education policy brief, what percent increase in school budgets would profoundly affect, if not eradicate, educational inequality in U.S. schools?

Question 30.The No Child Left Behind Act has been criticized for ALL BUT ONE of the following: 

Link to other tutorials for SOC 203Just click on Assignment/Discussion name to go to respective tutorial.
·         SOC 203 Week 1 Discussion 1 ( The Sociological Imagination )·         SOC 203 Week 1 Discussion 2 ( Homelessness )·         SOC 203 Week 1 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 2 Assignment ( Final Paper Preparation )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Discussion 1 ( Education and Equality )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Discussion 2 ( Title IX )·         SOC 203 Week 2 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 3 Assignment ( The Interconnection of Social Problems )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Discussion 1 ( Hate Crimes )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Discussion 2 ( Prisons and the War on Drugs )·         SOC 203 Week 3 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 4 Discussion 1 ( Gay Parenting )·         SOC 203 Week 4 Discussion 2 ( Reinventing Healthcare )·         SOC 203 Week 4 Quiz·         SOC 203 Week 5 Assignment ( Final Paper )·         SOC 203 Week 5 Discussion 1 ( Decline of Rural America )·         SOC 203 Week 5 Discussion 2 ( Causes and Impact of Global Warming )
 
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