Discussion Board Bioreaction Question

Discussion Board Bioreaction Question
 

Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide.
You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course. 
Select a conversation where you had a disagreement that had an impact on you and triggered a bioreaction. The conversation could have been a long time ago or recently.Discussion Board Bioreaction Question
A.  Explain what happened during the disagreement by answering the following questions:
•  Describe the situation that led to the conversation.
•  When did you realize that there was a disagreement during the conversation?
•  Describe a bioreaction(s) that was experienced during the disagreement.
•  How did the conversation end?

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B.  Analyze the conversation by answering the following questions:
•  Using the four levels of the conversation meter, what level were you listening at, and what level was the other person listening at?
•  Give examples of two factors that describe how you and they were listening in at these levels in the conversation meter: feelings, behaviors, language, or tone.
•  What were your points of alignment or disagreement?
C.  Reflect on how the conversation encouraged you to listen differently by answering the following questions:
•  How could you have listened differently moving up the conversation meter, and what effect would that have had on the disagreement?
•  How could you incorporate listening for needs, purpose, or concern to create value in the conversation (including describing what that would look like)?
•  What have you learned about accuracy and authenticity that could be used to improve the conversation?
D.  Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission.

Discussion Board Bioreaction Question

 
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Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay

Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay

  1. The insular cortex is thought to be      involved in compassion and empathy, taste, perception, motor control,      self-awareness, cognitive functioning, and interpersonal experience. In      this paper, the focus is its role in substance abuse. Which of these is not mentioned by the authors in explaining      the link between the insular cortex and drug-seeking behaviors?

 
lesions in the   insular cortex interrupt drug-seeking behaviors
individuals with   substance abuse history showed reduced activity in the insular cortex
there are no   drug-related receptors in the insular cortex
the anterior   agranular insula subregion contains dopamine and opioid receptors
10 points   
QUESTION 2

  1. The authors used 35 day      old rats because

 
35 days is   adolescent, when initial drug exposure occurs often in humans
 
35 days corresponds   to the age at which rats in the wild begin buying drugs
 
Rats do not develop   an insular cortex until 30 days
 
The rat brain has   no insular cortex so it doesn’t matter
10 points   
QUESTION 3

  1. How did limited and      extended  intravenous self-administration training differ? Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay .

 
10 points   
QUESTION 4

  1. Did pressing the lever      during a test result in a predictable delivery of cocaine or an      unpredictable dose? Why do you think it was done this way?

 
10 points   
QUESTION 5

  1. Did cocaine-seeking      behaviors increase or decrease on withdrawal day 45, relative to      withdrawal day 1? Did this effect depend on the amount or duration of      prior cocaine use (that is, limited or extended)?

 
10 points   
QUESTION 6

  1. An action potential      occurs when the membrane potential of a specific cell location rapidly      rises and falls; this is an essential part of neuron signaling.
    What is meant by  rise time, decay time, half‐amplitude duration ,      and amplitude of action potentials? Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay .

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10 points   
QUESTION 7

  1. How are the rise time,      decay time, half‐amplitude duration, and amplitude of action potentials in      pyramidal neurons of the insular cortex affected by cocaine training?

 

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10 points   
QUESTION 8

  1. When a depolarizing      current is injected into a nerve cell, the resultant decrease in the      membrane potential activates voltage-dependent Na+ channels. The      activation of the Na+ channels in turn accelerates the depolarization      process, producing the rising phase of the action potential.
    This causes the neuron to fire, or spike.
    Injecting depolarizing current is done to assess whether the sensitivity      of a neuron is changed by a procedure (which would be measurable as a      change in the spike rate of the neuron).
    In this paper, would you say that cocaine administration was shown to      alter the sensitivity of insula pyramidal neurons to stimulation? Why or      why not?

10 points   
QUESTION 9

  1. For any given neuron,      there is also a threshold of action potential. What does that mean?
  2. Is the action potential      threshold shown to be changed by limited or extended cocaine training? How      do you know this? Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay .

 
10 points   
QUESTION 11

  1. It is generally thought      that extended drug exposure has more robust effects on drug‐seeking and      drug‐taking behaviors than limited use. Does this study support or      contradict this bit of conventional wisdom? How?

10 points   
QUESTION 12

  1. In this model, rats      learn that pressing a lever is rewarded with an injection of cocaine.      However, some rats with a history of extended training seem not to press      the lever. What might explain this?

 
10 points   
QUESTION 13

  1. What is the main      difference (as the authors describe it) between the methods of this study      and those of other rat cocaine studies? Insular Cortex Interrupt Drug-seeking Behaviors Essay.
 
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Cellular Respiration Paper

Cellular Respiration Paper

Topic: This week we covered the details of Cellular Respiration. Your assignment this week is in two parts. Using Excel (or some other Table creating program) create a table that describes the four sub-steps of cellular respiration. Insert the table into a Word document and provide a discussion of how each sub part contributes to overall process of cellular respiration. Cellular Respiration Paper.

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Assignment Expectations:

  • Minimum of 1000-1250 words, not including the Title or References pages (typed, 12 point font, double spaced).
  • Required Table must be included in the essay.
  • The Table must contain these headings: Sub-step reactants, Sub-step products, ATP contribution by sub-step, Cellular location of sub-step.
  • Support your content with at least (3) citations. Make sure to reference the citations using APA writing style for the presentation.

Format:

  1. Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word File

Cellular Respiration Paper
 

 
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Human Physiology Paper

Human Physiology Paper
Need this done with professor plagiarism report. WIll pay well, must be done in 3 days. I will provide a sample paper too once I accept a bid
DESCRIPTION You are the lead scientist on a pharmaceutical research & development (R&D) team that has developed a new drug to treat disease. As the principal investigator you will write a short paper on the design and efficacy (effectiveness) of the new pharmacological product. Although the drug is imaginary, it must be targeted against a known disease. You can select a pathological condition that affects the physiology of at least one of the following systems: Human Physiology Paper.
• Nervous/Neuromuscular/Muscle
• Endocrine
• Cardiovascular
• Respiratory
• Gastrointestinal
• Urinary
The paper must contain the following components:
1. Name of the drug. You can be creative with the invented name but it should relate to the function of the product, e.g., Inhibitol (if the drug has an inhibitory effect on its target)

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2. Paper Title. Again, originality is encouraged but the title must contain the product name and the disease condition it treats.
3. Pathophysiology. This is the research component of the paper. The cause(s) (etiology), symptoms and effects of the disease should be adequately described. The pathophysiology of your selected illness must include a description of the disease mechanism on a molecular level (participant biomolecules such as enzymes, receptors, hormones, neurotransmitters, etc.). This part of the paper should be well referenced primarily using scientific/medical literature. Avoid citing websites such as WebMD, although government agency websites such as the NIH, CDC, WHO, etc. are permitted.
4. Drug Design & Efficacy. How does your invented drug work to effectively treat the disease condition? Your description should be consistent with molecular mechanisms of the disease and should involve ligand-based binding to principal targets implicated in the process.
5. Side Effects. Based on the biomolecule(s) targeted by the designed drug, you should be able predict possible side effects, e.g., Inhibitol inhibits the activity of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase at neuromuscular junctions. This increases the amount and duration of ACh in the NMJ, which helps to improve muscle signaling in myasthenia gravis but may cause spastic paralysis due to neurotransmitter overabundance. Side effects should relate to the specific activity of your drug.
Your paper should be 3 – 4 pages in length (min: 3, max: 4) typed, 1.5-spaced 12-pt font. A bibliography is REQUIRED and is not included in your page count. Do not add cover pages, photos, charts or diagrams to your paper. This is an assessment of your original writing  . Human Physiology Paper.

 
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