What Is A Research Paper And How To Write It?

What Is A Research Paper And How To Write It?

We all have heard about how a particular person is writing a research paper as a project or as their final paper. Have you ever wondered what a research paper is? How is it written? Why is it called a research paper? How come it is too time-consuming? There are many questions when people who do not know a research paper hear its name for the first time.

A research paper is an academic paper in which a student writes about his chosen topic in detail. The research paper includes all his research, findings, and information related to that topic in a detailed version. It is not an easy task to write a whole research paper. It is called a research paper because it is written after numerous researches and collecting data from various sources. A person has to have a lot of information about a specific topic which means endless visits to the libraries and surfing the internet all day. If you have issues in writing a research paper, Coursework Geeks will guide and help you, which will make it easier. The research paper should have a few qualities in you do not want to get rejected. The qualities include being accurate, which means all the facts mentioned should be correct. It should be clear that no problematic words or complicated things should be mentioned. A research paper should be in sequence. If you are discussing women’s rights, start with a clear introduction which should clear the concept of the topic in peoples’ minds, do not just start how society is being unfair to them. Start everything with a sequence. It should be measured, which means if you are asked to write 5000 words, try to finish your research paper in those 5000 words. More than the required words can make the research paper lengthy and tedious. Your research paper must be well written, your facts have some weight to prove your point, and your findings are interesting to read so that people take your research paper seriously and accept it too.

A typical research paper consists of the following sections:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Problem statement
  • Introduction
  • Limitations
  • Methodology
  • Literature review
  • Discussion or argument
  • Conclusion
  • References

Title Page:

The title page is the name of your topic, written on a separate page so that it becomes clear what your topic is or which topic you are going to talk about.


An abstract is not required in every research paper, and the purpose of writing an abstract is to overview the topic. It is not too long, and it tells the theme of the research paper and is about 100-300 words.

Problem Statement:

As the name says, the problem statement tells the main concern or the main problem. So that it is easy for people to know what is the whole research paper is all about.


An introduction is a lengthy version of the abstract. It explains the whole topic. What is it? What are we going to talk about? What is the primary concern of the whole research paper? The introduction must be crisp yet exciting and should be longer than the abstract but not too long.


Limitations are telling what you will do and what you will not do. A writer can limit the paper by factors like age, occupation, etc.


The methodology is how you conducted the study? Did you use a survey or a questionnaire? Was the research quantitative or qualitative? How did you collect data and other facts? What sources were used when conducting this research?

Literature Review:

A literature review is where the writer writes about other writers who have published their work on the same topic. A literature review uncovers the paper’s general context by telling what other writers have to say about the very same topic.

Discussion Or Argument:

The discussion or argument is the longest part of the whole paper. The writer writes all the facts and opinions about the topic, and he builds the whole argument in this section. This section should focus on the topic and be very clear with whatever he is writing down. The clearer the argument is, the better it will look, and the lesser are the chances of the research paper getting rejected.


The conclusion is the final result of the research paper. Everything in a nutshell and the final verdict about the paper: the conclusion should be powerful as the rest of the sections, and it should make sense and be very well written because it brings the whole paper together.


References include all the websites, books, and magazines you took help from. It is essential to cite those lines and add references to avoid the crime that is plagiarism. Acknowledge the writer’s work is very much essential.

Order a Research Paper from Coursework Geeks

This is how a research paper is written in an organized form. Please choose a format you want to choose, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, or Harvard, and cite them according to one specific format. For help, you can always search for research papers help online. There are millions of research papers available on every topic. The writers are from every country, so you will have a piece of complete knowledge and the point of view of every country on that specific topic you are writing on. Writing a research paper is not an easy task because it takes a lot of time to research and gather authentic information. The biggest issue is conducting surveys and asking people about the topic. Not everybody is interested in giving out their views or filling out a questionnaire. But when it is written, it is worth every hard work you have done.


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Effective Learning: Using Study Group for Exam Preparation

Effective Learning: Using Study Group for Exam Preparation

How to Form a Study Group (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Effective Learning: Using Group study for Exam Preparation

If an exam is pending, the question of the ideal preparation arises. Many people believe that they can learn best on their own – but isn’t group learning more effective? We show you the advantages of learning groups and what you have to pay attention to when organizing.

Whether during school, studying or as part of further training – if you want to do something for your (professional) future, you can’t avoid exams. For many people, exams are extremely stressful because they naturally want to get the best grades, but do not know how to effectively prepare for the exam.

Often those affected “barricade” themselves in their apartment before the exam and spend all of their time studying. However, this is often not particularly effective, and so the question arises: How can you prepare for an exam as well as possible? According to a Coursework Geeks Experts, a good option is to prepare for exams in study groups, because learning together with others is not only fun, it is the perfect complement to learning as a “lone fighter”.

In this article we will show you why learning in study groups is so effective and what you need to pay attention to when preparing for exams in study groups.

Learning in a group – the better way?

Study groups are very effective and help you prepare for exams – it’s easy to say, but you might be wondering why it is. It is therefore worth taking a closer look at the advantages of learning groups – and also addressing the possible disadvantages and problems.

A big advantage of learning groups is certainly the motivation. If you learn alone, motivation is often quickly lost and then the temptation is great to “take a break” or to convince yourself that “you have already understood the topic”. On the other hand, when you learn together with others, such excuses are far less effective. You can also support the other group members with encouraging words or specific help if you are stuck with a topic or have not understood something.

Another benefit of learning groups is the different learning methods and approaches that group members use. This will allow you to see a topic from different angles and possibly find easier access to it. We will explain to you later which learning methods work particularly well in learning groups.

In a learning group you will always receive direct feedback – if you have made a mistake, the other group members will point it out to you so that the mistake cannot even become established in the brain as “wrong knowledge”.

Of course, study groups are not a “magic potion” when it comes to exam preparation. They require a very high degree of organization, and the members of the group must have roughly the same level of knowledge so that learning can work effectively. In addition, they cannot completely replace learning outside the group – the group members should bring a basic knowledge with them that can then be deepened and consolidated in the learning group.

If you need any help in any of your academic writing assignments and essays, ask for help here.

A guide to writing in APA 7th Edition

  The 7th edition of APA style has arrived! - EasyBib BlogA guide to writing in APA 7th Edition

In October 2019, APA presented the 7th edition of its Publication Manual which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009.

The new standards seek to keep up with the changes that have taken place in the academic world, where the citation of online material has become more common, the search for an inclusive language has gained greater importance and the research has received the addition of new methods and technologies.

APA standards are used, in general, in citations, references, tables, and tables. This guide from Courseworkgeeks.com will focus on citations, which are the elements that cause the most doubts in most authors.

What are quotes and how to use APA 7th Edition standards to make them?

The quote is when the author of the academic text uses the ideas of other authors to highlight what he is saying within its content.

They should be done whenever the author wants to emphasize something, using concepts and terms that are not his. For this, it is necessary to follow a series of rules pre-established in the APA standards.

Typically, citations are formed by the surname of the cited author, the publication date of the work, and the pages from which the original sentence was taken. At the end of the academic work, the work in question must be referenced, also following a series of rules.

Check below how to quote using APA standards

Direct citations (books, articles, and academic papers)

 These are the original phrases of the basic author’s work. They must contain the last name of the author, as well as the date of publication. If it is less than 40 words, the sentence must be included in the main text in quotation marks. Those that exceed this quantity must be written in a new block format, with 1.25 cm indentation, size and font equal to the text, and simple spacing. The location of the edition is no longer used in references

Example direct quote with less than 40 words
According to SILVA (2010, p.42) “Psychology is a science that studies the mental behavior of human beings”

Or: According to SILVA (2010) “Psychology is a science that studies the mental behavior of human beings” (p.42)

Example direct quote with more than 40 words

“Psychology is a science that studies the mental behavior of human beings. For the exercise of this area, training in psychology is required, as well as the issuance of a CRP. This numbering serves as a credential that proves that the psychologist is able to practice the profession (Silva, 2010, p.42). ”

Direct citation of internet material

 In the case of citations of web content, it is necessary to inform both the name of the author, the year of publication, and the number of pages in parentheses. For materials that do not have pagination, you must use the paragraph number or header, or section name.

Citation example

For people with osteoarthritis, “painful joints must be moved daily by a wide range of movements to maintain flexibility and decrease cartilage deterioration” (Gecht-Silver & Duncombe, 2015, section Osteoarthritis).

In the references, however, entries must be made through the website and not through the paragraph or section. Also, in URL references, they no longer need to be preceded by the expression: “Retrieved from:”, unless a recovery date is required. Also in the references, the codes Digital Object Identified (DOI), appear in the form of URL.

Example URL references

Before: Harrison JJ, Ceri H, Yerly J, Stremick CA, Hu Y, Martinuzzi R. Turner RJ. The use of microscopy and three-dimensional visualization to assess the structure of microbial biofilms cultured in the Calgary Biofilm Device. Biol Proc Online: 194-215. Retrieved from: http://www.biologicalprocedures.com/bpo/arts/1/127/m127.pdf

Now: Harrison JJ, Ceri H, Yerly J, Stremick CA, Hu Y, Martinuzzi R. Turner RJ. The use of microscopy and three-dimensional visualization to assess the structure of microbial biofilms cultured in the Calgary Biofilm Device. Biol Proc Online: 194-215. http://www.biologicalprocedures.com/bpo/arts/1/127/m127

Example of DOI references

Before: http://www.biologicalprocedures.com/bpo/arts/1/127/m127. doi: 10.1251 / bpo 127

Now: http://doi.org/ 10.1251 / bpo127   

Indirect citation (books, articles, and academic papers)

Indirect citation is when the writer describes, in his own words, the ideas and concepts of the basic author. He can either make a reference or paraphrase the other author. Here the same surname and year rule is followed, and numbering is not required.

Furthermore, in this type of quote, there is no minimum or maximum of words. However, it is necessary that the editor be attentive so that the passage is not too long and the quote ends up being lost.

According to SILVA (2017), it is possible to see an increase in the number of cases of disorders such as depression and anxiety. In general, it is observed that this happens, mainly, due to the running routine of the individuals, as well as the lack of professional monitoring.

Citation quote

In many cases, the writer needs to use a passage that contains a phrase from another work. Called from secondary sources or quote from the citation, this form of reference must also follow APA standards.

You must put the name of the author of the original work, followed by the year (if found) and then the term “as quoted in” if the article or book is in Portuguese, and “as cited in” if they are in English. Then, you must enter the author, year, and page of the work you are consulting. In the references just put the data of the consulting work.

Examples citation of the quote in Portuguese:
Brazil has witnessed an increasing number of cases of stress, depression, and anxiety among young people of the Millennial Generation (ALMEIDA, 2016 as quoted in SILVA, 2017, p. 734).

Brazil has witnessed an increasing number of cases of stress, depression, and anxiety among the youth of the Millennial Generation (ALMEIDA, 2016 as cited in SILVA, 2017, p. 734).

Citation with an author

The name of the author of the consulting work can be placed either inside or outside parentheses, always with the first letter capitalized and accompanied by the year of publication of the material. The same goes for the reference, which must also contain the year and the publisher that published the work.

In the case of books, articles, or scientific papers removed from the internet, the reference must also include the link to access the material, after “Available at:”. This rule is valid for materials with different numbers of authors.

Example in the quote:
Silva (1999) or (Silva, 1999)

Citation with two authors

In the case of works with two authors, the surnames must be placed according to the order of the original material, always with the first capital letter and followed by the year of publication. The reference rules remain the same for works with an author.

Citation example:
Almeida e Silva (2016) or (Almeida & Silva, 2016)

Citation with three or more authors

From the first citation, write only the name of the first author with the year of publication and “et al”.

Citation example:
In the text: Herrison JJ et al. (2016) or (Herrison JJ et al. 2006)

In References: Herrison JJ, Cerri H, Yerly, Stremick CA, Martinuzzi R, Turner RJ (2006)

Quote with several authors corroborating the same idea

In many cases, the writer may choose to use several authors who follow the same idea. Here, it is necessary to put the author’s last name and year of each cited work, separated by semicolons and inside parentheses. The order must be the same as the references.

In references, up to 20 names of authors are allowed to be entered before including an ellipsis (three dots). Previously, the ellipsis was applied from the 7th author’s name.

Example in text 1:
Currently, it is noticed that the growth of cases of disorders such as depression and anxiety, also generated an increase in the demand for medicines to treat these problems, without the proper medical prescription (Silva, 2016; Almeida, 2015; Gomes, Pereira & Alves, 2016).

Example in text 2:
It can be said that the increase in cases of depression is mainly due to the lack of debate on the subject among the population, since Silva (2017), Almeida and Gomes (2016) and Pereira ( 2015) has pointed out that there are not enough state campaigns.

Citation with authors with the same surname

It is also very common that many authors have the same surname. According to APA rules, to organize these citations, it is necessary to place the initials of the consulted author before the surname and followed by the year of publication of the work. You can put the information both inside and outside parentheses.

Example in the quote:
EC Silva (2005) or (EC Silva, 2005)
AG Silva and Almeida (2008) or (AG Silva & Robles, 2008)

Citation by the same author with several publication dates

Another very common case is that the same work can be republished in different years. If the editor consults these different versions, he must quote the name of the author (always with the first capital letter), followed by the years of publication of the work, in parentheses.

Example in the text:
According to Silva (2014, 2015, 2016, 2017), to combat the increase in cases of mental disorders it is necessary not only to encourage scientific research within this area but also to stimulate debate among the population.

Institutional authorship quote

It is generally used when data from government agencies, entities, corporations, and associations are cited. In the first citation, the name of the institution must be written out, followed by the year of publication of the work. Subsequent citations include the abbreviation of the name and the year.

Example 1st citation
Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance (IBGC) (2017) or (Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance (IBGC, 2014).
Example of subsequent quotes from
IBGC (2014) or (IBGC, 2014).


These are the most used quotes within academic papers. It is important to note that the APA rules are generally used only for citations and references. Remember, if you have any problems in formatting your paper in the APA 7th edition or any other formats, our experts are always ready and waiting to help you.