cognitive functioning and personality behavior

cognitive functioning and personality behavior
Short response 1-Describe the relevant characteristics at each stage of development that influence the ability to learn. 2-Explain the six parameters for a comprehensive motivational assessment of the learner. 3-Analyze the role of the family in the teaching and learning process in each stage of development and how the role of the nurse can vary when teaching individuals at different stages of development. 4-Describe pedagogy, andragogy, and gerogogy and how teaching and learning vary with each. 5-Describe how you determine the reading level of patient materials and if a patient can read health information they have been given. 6-Explain the five gender-related characteristics in cognitive functioning and personality behavior that affect learning and how that will affect your planning for patient education. cognitive functioning and personality behavior

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

7-Analyze which teaching strategies are most appropriate to meet the needs of individuals from each of the four major ethnic subcultural groups. 8-Compare and contrast the disabilities model, with the moral model, the medical model, and the rehabilitation model. 9-Analyze why outcomes and behavioral objectives are important when developing a teaching plan. Write a behavioral objective and identify how your objective is a SMART objective. 10-Compare and contrast the difference between factual/descriptive questions, clarifying questions, and higher-order questions 11-Describe instructional methods that are best for learning cognitive skills, for learning psychomotor skills and learning affective skills. 12-Relate what instructional methods you have used that have been effective with patients and if there are other methods you think might be more effective. Would you use particular materials to enhance learning? What method would you most like to use that you have not employed? cognitive functioning and personality behavior

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis

Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis

  • Complete the Scholarly Article Content Analysis Worksheet for the Hass & Ray (2020) article.
  • Analyze the contents of the article and apply the findings to the case conceptualization included in the worksheet.
  • Critically analyze the article and identify all components:
    • Is the article scholarly?
    • What is the problem/purpose?
    • What is(are) the research question(s)?
    • Who are the participants?
    • What are the ethical/cultural considerations?
    • What data /information was collected from participants? Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis.
    • How did the researchers describe the results/answer to the research question?
    • How does this research apply to the case study?

Be sure to support your Assignment by citing all resources including those in the Learning Resources. Use proper APA format and citations.

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

Case Conceptualization:
Orion is a 4-year-old African American child. He comes into counseling referred by his primary pediatrician. Orion has been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. He has difficulty with communication, has deficits in empathizing with others’ intentions, and struggles with single-mindedness. Orion’s parents and preschool teacher have noticed a pervasive pattern of emotional dysregulation which includes frequent episodes of hysterical crying. Orion’s parents are concerned that he is not going to be promoted to kindergarten next year if he does not improve his ability to relate positively with others and improve his ability to regulate his emotions.
 
 
Article:
 
Haas, S. C., & Ray, D. C. (2020, July 6). Child-Centered Play Therapy With Children Affected by
Adverse Childhood Experiences: A Single-Case Design. International Journal of Play Therapy. Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis.
Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pla0000135
 
1.    Is the article above a peer-reviewed, scholarly source?
Tip: Peer review is part of the editorial process an article goes through before it is published in a peer-reviewed journal. Once an article is submitted to a peer-reviewed journal, the journal editors send that article to “peers” or scholars in the field to evaluate the article.  To determine if a journal is peer reviewed (also sometimes called refereed journals), try one or both of these steps:
·         Look up the journal in the UlrichsWeb.com (available on the A-Z Database List) and determine whether it is identified as peer reviewed. Ulrich’s is a directory. It is a searchable list of periodicals (magazines, journals, newspapers, etc.). It provides information about each periodical such as publisher, scope, and whether the journal uses peer review. 
·         Examine the journal’s website and review the submission and editorial process for evidence of peer review.
 
2.    What is the (a) problem the researchers were investigating/purpose of the research and (b) research question the researchers were trying to answer?  This is a 2 part question.  
 
Tip: All studies have a research question that drives the investigation (what the researchers are trying to learn).  Sometimes this is formally stated while other times the reader must discover this information which can usually be found in the Abstract or the Introduction section. Usually there is a section that is named “Purpose of the study”.  The Results section or the Discussion section will provide the answer(s) to the research question. Research studies can use either quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods to investigate the question. Sometimes researchers are investigating more than one intervention and so research questions may include multiple parts.  Be sure to review all parts of the inquiry or use multiple questions to explain. 
 
 
3.    Describe the sample/participants in the study. Be sure to include how many participants were included in the study.
 
Tip: Participants are also known as the sample.  Quantitative studies generally have larger samples sizes than qualitative studies. Case studies may have one main “case” which may include a single person, a family, a group, or community.  You want to describe who (e.g., demographics) and how many persons participated in the study. Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis.
4.    Did the researchers secure permission to conduct the study and/or secure informed consent from the participants? Were  there any cultural concerns noted or do you have any concerns about bias?
 
 
 
 
Tip: Cultural considerations are related to research procedures. Consider whether there were cultural elements that may have changed the way the study took place such as language barriers, the need for an interpreter, and whether the sample matches the population that the researchers say they are studying.  
 
The key is to consider what cultural factors are pertinent to the research question. Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis.  If you say you are studying an intervention for depression, the sample needs to include persons with depression. If a study is not specific to race or gender, for example, that does not make it culturally insensitive if the researches didn’t set out to learn about that intervention specifically applied to race or gender.
 
 
 
5.    Identify exactly what data was collected by the researchers in the study.
 
        Is the data quantitative (numeric data such as scores on assessments like the Iowa Basic Skills Test (IBST) or the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)?  If there are assessment instruments used – are they numerical results or narrative results?
 
        Is the data qualitative (for example, clinical intake interviews or a narrative behavioral observation? 
 
 
 
 
Tip: The variables (e.g., substance abuse) or characteristic (e.g., geographic location)  being investigated is usually found in the Introduction and Method sections (and sometimes the Abstract).  For example: if a researcher is investigating an intervention for the treatment of depression.  The variable may be “level of depression” and the data collected could be scores on the Beck Depression Scale.
 
All data points represent something the researcher is trying to investigate. Data can be quantitative (like a measurement, frequency, or score that is represented by a numeral) or qualitative (data captured using written or spoken words, observations or photos).  This includes things like student academic or behavioral records, historical documents, records, or artifacts like diaries or case notes. 
 
 
 
6.    What was the outcome or the general result of the research study?
 
  What is the answer to the research question?
 
 
 
Tip: The Discussion section is where what the authors present how the results can be applied when working with clients or students. The authors will articulate their greatest take away from the study outcomes and what they view as most important to know to meet the needs of clients or students with similar needs.
 
 
7.     Based on your understanding of the results of the research study presented, discuss how the outcomes can be generally applied to your future counseling practice. 
 
 
 
Tip: The authors identify if the results of the investigation support their hypothesis and present the major findings.  The Results section and the Discussion section present the answer to the question the researchers were trying to learn. Keep in mind that when you are investigating an intervention, the results  could be mixed.  In other words, the intervention might be successful, not successful, or partially successful. 
 
 
 
8.    How does this research article apply to the case study at the top of the worksheet?
 
 
Tip: While there are similarities and differences between the article and the case study on the worksheet, describe how the general outcomes from the article relate to the case study. Explain your insights into how the information from the article could be useful to meet the needs of the case study.
 
NOTE: As a counselor, what did you interpret from the outcomes of the research study in the article that you could use in developing treatment goals or action plans for the child in the case study on the worksheet?
 
 

Week 4 Scholarly Article Content Analysis

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Sleep Problem Assignment Paper

Sleep Problem Assignment Paper

At some time in their lives, most people will have sleep problems such as the following: insomnia, nightmares, sleepwalking, bed-wetting, snoring, etc. Pick any sleep problem and tell us what psychologists say can be done to treat it. If you know anyone who had any sleep problem, what remedy helped them? ONLY ONE NEEDS TO BE PICKED
Sleep disorders alter ones sleep pattern and often results in the inability to either sleep or sleep soundly. They often cause you to feel restless, tired, fatigued, and irritable. It is estimated that nearly 75 percent of adult Americans experience sleep disorder symptoms at least a few nights per week. Sleep Problem Assignment Paper. At the same time, sleep disturbances in some form are seen in as many as 25 to 30 percent of infants and children (“Sleep Disorders” 2013). Clearly a huge conundrum in the world, sleep disorders affect an inordinate amount of people. Millions of people suffer or have suffered from a sleep disorder at one point in their lives and if mistreated can impact organ systems functioning negatively. Physical disturbances, medical issues,
Psychiatric disorders, environmental issues, life depression, chronic stress, and pain or discomfort at night are all factors that can lead to a sleep disorder. As stated in a previous statistic, sleep disorders unfortunately target a wide variety of ages. Children are commonly affected by Sleep Apnea, teeth grinding, Night Terrors, Nightmares, sleep walking, Restless Leg Syndrome, bedwetting, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Adults tend to be affected by Insomnia, Hypersomnia, Sleep Apnea, Narcolepsy, Sleep Paralysis, Hypopnea Syndrome, and Noctoria. Sleep disorders are very common and also very dangerous in some circumstances. Ill treating or ignoring sleep disorders can lead to lethargy, poor mood, lack of motivation, and may negatively impact

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

Sleep has been found to play fundamental biological roles in humans. It is linked to emotional well-being and physical health. This is why sleep deprivation leads to numerous consequences including reduced job performance, accidents, poor health, and stress episodes. From a biological perspective, sleep can be used as an indicator of good health because sleeping tendencies change with an individual’s health. For instance, a good sleep is associated with optimal health and wellness; whereas sleeping problems are associated to a health problem. In most cases, persistent sleeping problems have been identified to be significant indicators of underlying mental health or medical problems (Carskadon & Dement, 2000).Sleep Problem Assignment Paper.  In practice, the impacts of sleep in an individual’s health can be explained by the changes experienced after sleep deprivation, even under minimal situations. Sleep deprivation has been found to influence an individual’s mood, ability to respond to stress, efficacy, and energy generation for physical activities in daily life. It is worth noting that loss of sleep in some occasions is caused by internal factors such as stress or external factors including changes of abiotic factors in the ecosystem such as climatic conditions. However, when sleeping problems occur repeatedly leading an interference with an individual’s daily life, it might be an indication that one is suffering from a sleep disorder (Guilleminault, 2005). This phenomenon is attributable to changes in the endocrine system leading to hormonal imbalances. This explains why most women begin experiencing sleep disorders during menopause due a decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels. This indicates how the endocrine system influences sleep in humans. Therefore, this paper will give a comprehensive overview on sleep disorders and explain the role of hormones in sleep deprivation.

Common Sleep Disorders

Currently, a number of sleep disorders have been identified although some sleep disorders are interrelated; the occurrence a certain sleep disorder leads to the occurrence of another disorder. Some of the most common sleep disorders are insomnia, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome, sleep apnea, and the circadian rhythm disorders.

Insomnia

Insomnia, which is characterized by trouble staying asleep or falling asleep, is regarded as the most common sleep disorder (Parmer, 2006). In reality, most sleep complaints are related insomnia and it is usually defined by the quality of sleep, but not necessarily the hours spend in a sleep. Ideally, sleep is meant to create rest of the body, biological phenomenon that occurs under low metabolic rates in the body and cardiac rhythm. Therefore, the indented outcome of this biological phenomenon is feeling refreshed after sleep. However, insomnia is defined as the lack of the intended outcomes. Ordinarily, insomnia can be short-term or chronic depending on the primary causes of the condition. Insomnia can be caused by a single factor such as stress or a collection of conditions.
Despite the diversity of factors that cause insomnia, an array of signs and symptoms has been identified. In most cases, insomnia in manifested by difficulty staying asleep during the night or falling asleep. It is also characterized by exhaustion after sleep or light and fragmented sleep sessions. Other symptoms associated with insomnia are fatigue, lack of concentration in daily activities and daytime drowsiness. Dependency on alcohol or sleeping pills due to problems falling asleep is also considered as an implication of insomnia (Smith, Saisan, Robinson & Segal, 2015b). Sleep Problem Assignment Paper.
It is reported that insomnia is commonly caused by persistent stress, inactive lifestyle, anxiety or depression disorders, shift work, alcohol consumption, relationship problems, and stimulants such as cocaine and caffeine. In addition, environmental factors have also been found to cause insomnia. For instance, noisy environment or changes in lighting have been found to cause transient episodes of insomnia which subside upon withdrawal of the environmental triggers. Insomnia is also caused by other sleep disorders or health problems (Parmer, 2006). For instance, psychological conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder and bipolar disorder have been found to be some of the psychological conditions that lead to the occurrence of insomnia. On the other hand, insomnia can be caused by some medical conditions. Some of the medical conditions that have been found to cause insomnia include kidney disease, acid reflux, chronic pain, hyperthyroidism, and cancer. Other medical conditions that are believed to cause insomnia are Parkinson’s disease, allergies and asthma. It is also worth noting that some medications cause insomnia. For instance, medications for high blood pressure; antidepressants; diuretics; thyroid hormone; corticosteroids; and pain relievers such as Excedrin and Midol, which contain caffeine, are known to cause insomnia. Moreover, insomnia is caused by other sleep disorders including sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome and narcolepsy (Smith, Saisan, Robinson & Segal, 2015a).

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER NOW

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is the second sleep disorder that cause sleep deprivation in people. Sleep apnea is considered as life-threatening disorder because it interferes with breathing volumes. In sleep apnea, breathing is interrupted by airway blockages. As a result, people suffering from sleep apnea experience awakenings during sleep; thus affecting the quality of sleep. However, this condition is difficult to identify because most people who have awakenings due to sleep apnea do not notice.
Ordinarily, sleep apnea is characterized by a number of signs and symptoms. Some of these symptoms include exhaustion after sleep, depression, chronic snoring, and snorting during sleep. It is also characterized by dry throat, nasal congestion, shortness of breath, headaches, and chest pain (Smith, Saisan, Robinson & Segal, 2015b). In some cases, people suffering from sleep apnea experience drowsiness during the day with some decrease physical activity. On the other hand, causes of sleep apnea include the abnormal contraction and relaxation of throat muscles, large tonsils, bony structure of the head and neck, as well as the formation of soft fat tissue in the windpipe, a condition commonly experienced under overweight conditions (NIH, 2012). Sleep Problem Assignment Paper.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness. This disorder has been found to be caused by the dysfunction of the brain centers involved in sleep regulation. Ordinarily, people suffering from this disorder experience sleep attacks during their daily activities such as working, conversation or driving in which brain mechanisms to maintain alertness fails leading to an unexpected falling asleep.
Narcolepsy is usually characterized by muscle weakness during episodes of strong emotions such as anger and laughing. In addition, intense dreaming shortly after falling asleep and numbness of the limbs in the morning are considered as some of the most principle signs and symptoms of narcolepsy. Moreover, hallucinations, hearing strange things before falling into deep sleep, are a characteristic of narcolepsy (Smith, Saisan, Robinson & Segal, 2015b). Sleep Problem Assignment Paper.

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"

Enculturation Process & Cultural Transmitters

Enculturation Process & Cultural Transmitters
I’m studying for my Psychology class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?
part one
The process of enculturation in the United States starts with a child learning by interacting with the mother and other members of the family unit. In addition, some children are influenced by members outside the home. However, it is not until the child enters preschool or kindergarten that he or she spends most of the day in the company of and, therefore, being shaped by others. Even then, the child would normally return to the home environment and have the family’s cultural values reinforced.Enculturation Process & Cultural Transmitters

ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

Modern technology has a powerful influence over most US citizens. Devices are becoming more and more convenient, and family members are interacting with devices while spending time with their children. For example, during walks in the park, mothers might be looking at the phone to text instead of looking at nature and discussing something in the present moment. In addition, almost all day, children are interacting with devices and with their peers and, more than ever, dividing their attention between several tasks.
In your response, address the following:

  • Analyze and describe the process of enculturation in the United States in the past and present time. Be sure to consider the role of family, school, and church. Where were you raised and which cultural group most influenced your development? Who were the individuals who most shaped your beliefs, values, attitudes, and worldview?
  • Explain whether you think that modern technology is changing the US culture by interfering with critical learning moments. Elaborate your answer. How does the use of technology impact cultural learning at different developmental stages?
  • What does the reaction of US citizens reveal about the US cultural values and beliefs? Do other cultures breast-feed children who are three years or older? Is there some cultural advantage to breast-feeding an older child? What limits does it put on the mother and the child?
    • Focusing on infants, what are the cultural differences between how infants are transported within and outside the United States? For example, some cultural groups keep their infants in body slings so that when adults go from place to place, infants are almost always in close physical contact. Other groups tend to transport their infants in an external device, such as a stroller.
    • How does the US culture compare to other cultures in regard to attachment parenting? What are some of the pros and cons in seemingly high attachment parenting versus low attachment parenting cultures?Enculturation Process & Cultural Transmitters
  • Part 2
  • Describe and discuss the major theories regarding psychology and gender. Include in the discussion your views of social-cognitive theory of gender development and the gender schema theory.In your exploration of these concepts, respond to the following:

    • Describe and explain at least two of the major theories.
    • Compare the two theories from this week’s readings as they relate to gender.
    • On the basis of your research, explain which theory you find more accurate and why. Provide details as to why you feel the way you do, supporting your response with text references and additional citations from scholarly articles.

    Justify your answers with appropriate reasoning and research

  • COVER IN DETAIL WITH REFERENCE THERE IS NO MINIMUM

Enculturation Process & Cultural Transmitters

 
"Our Prices Start at $11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"