Environmental science homework help

Question 1 .

The first step in any epidemiological investigation is to ____.

Answer

understand causation establish risk factors track trends and determine if particular diseases are increasing or decreasing in the population describe the population demographically by age, race, sex, education, and other relevant indicators

Question 2 .

One of the important concepts from the Nuremberg Code is that of ____, which means that the subject understands the scope of the study and can make an informed decision to participate.Environmental science homework help.

Answer

informed consent voluntary consent beneficence primary agent

Question 3 .

A disease or condition that affects a greater than expected (normal) number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time is referred to as an ____.

Answer

epidemic endemic outbreak epidemic threshold

Question 4 .

The normal occurrence of a disease or condition common to persons within a localized area is known as a(n) ____.

Answer

transmission pandemic endemic epidemic

Question 5 .

Reproductive health studies ____.

Answer

the role of genetics in disease development the occurrence and risk factors for disease such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes that are slow to develop but span many years the distribution and risk factors for injuries, either accidental or intentional normal reproductive processes and problems that can occur including infertility, birth defects, and low birth weight

Question 6 .

The course of a disease, if left untreated, is referred to as ____.

Answer

transmission control measure natural history geographic pattern

Question 7 .

Physical, biological, social, cultural, and behaviors that influence health are known as ____.

Answer

risk factors health-related states agents determinants

Question 8 .

James Lind (1716-1794) observed the effect of time, place, weather, and diet on the spread of disease by ____.

Answer

comparing sick persons to well persons applying the germ theory to public health introducing randomization when conducting clinical trials applying the germ theory to hygiene practices

QUestion 9

The aspect of consistency means that ____.

Answer

an increasing amount of exposure increases the risk the association should be compatible with existing theory and knowledge the association is consistent when results are repeated in studies in different settings using different methods the findings agree with currently accepted understanding of pathological processes

QUestion 10

The modern epidemiologic triangle includes groups of populations, causative factors, and ____.

Answer

alternate explanations risk factors results coherence

Question 11

For chronic diseases, the time between exposure and symptoms is called the ____ period, which can range from a few months to many years.

Answer

latency incubation temporal plausibility

Question 12

Risk factors or exposures that we think might affect the outcome are known as ____.

Answer

indirect causes direct causes dependent variables independent variables

QUestion 13

Identifying diseases prior to the clinical stage means that prevention efforts can begin immediately. Because the disease is already present, this is an example of ____ prevention.

Answer

primary secondary tertiary quaternary

QUestion 14 The time between infection and clinical disease is referred to as a(n) ____.

 

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Answer

a plausible period temporal period incubation period latency period

Question 15 .

A proportion measured over a period of time is known as a ____.

Answer

period prevalence prevalence proportion point prevalence rate

Question 16

The representation of a numerator as a fraction of a denominator is known as a(n) ____.

Answer

proportion rate incidence rate specific rate

Question 17 .

Prevalence equals ____.

Answer

incidence times duration of disease incidence divided by duration of disease incidence plus duration of disease incidence divided by duration of disease times 100

Question 18 .

While many people are used to hearing proportions represented as a percentage, many population samples in epidemiology are often presented per ____.

Answer

1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000

.Question 19 .

By definition, the disease or condition used to identify a case is determined by the ____.

Answer

hypothesis conclusion prevalence incidence

Question 20 .

A person in the population or study group identified as having the particular disease, health disorder, or condition under investigation is known as a ____.

Answer

person time case suspect case proportion

QUestion 21:

The number of new cases of disease in a specified time (usually one year) divided by the population “at-risk” to develop the disease is known as ____.

Answer

prevalence proportion incidence rate contingency case severity

Question 22 .

The number of existing cases of disease divided by the population is known as ____.

Answer

crude rate person time incidence rate prevalence proportion

Question 23 .

If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called a ____.

Answer

multidrug resistant drug or super-drug multidrug resistant bacterium or superbug resistant bacterium or streptococcus bacterium killer bacterium or deadly bacterium

.Question 24 .

The disease carrier of most concern is known as a(n) ____, which is an infected person who never gets clinically ill, but can transmit the etiologic agent to others.

Answer

healthy or passive carrier pregnant carrier convalescent carrier active carrier

Question 25 .

____ is the transmission of a disease from mother to child during pregnancy or delivery.

Answer

Horizontal transmission Vertical transmission Lateral transmission Polar transmission

Question 26

There is ____ in the overall crude death rate in the United States from the year 1900 until 1996.

Answer

a definite increase a slight decrease hardly any change a clear decline

Question 27 .

The probability of death due to infectious disease in sub-Saharan Africa is ____%, but only ____% in developed countries, such as the United States.

Answer

22; 1.1 35; 10 66; 11 50; 22

Question 28 .

One of the most important emerging problems with the control of infectious diseases has to do with ____.Answer

deadly parasitic infections antibiotic resistant viral infections antibiotic resistant bacterial infections vaccine resistant viral infections

Question 29 .

A(n) ____ is an infected individual capable of transmitting disease during and after clinical disease.

Answer

convalescent carrier passive carrier active carrier inactive carrier

Question 30 . ____ is the transmission of a disease from person to person, and may be directly from one person to another, or indirectly from one person through an intermediate item to another person.

Answer

Horizontal transmission Vertical transmission Quick transmission Polar transmission

 
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Environmental science homework help

Part A: You are the Environmental Coordinator at a chemical demilitarization facility. You are tasked with the compliant and safe transport of explosives off site to the disposal facility. Identify the proper placarding, labeling, and shipping documentation of the transport vehicle as required by the DOT.Environmental science homework help.

 

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Part B: The vehicle that was transporting the explosive in Part A has been struck by another vehicle. A small fire appears to be spreading from a tire on a vehicle at the scene of the accident. Identify the explosive material that could be involved, and describe the chemical interaction that could be occurring as a result of the collision between the two vehicles. What immediate action should the EHS and FS responders take to protect human health and the environment?

Your response should consist of at least 250 words. APA format in text references and minimum one references

 
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Business & Finance homework help

Question 1
Members of __________ can solve problems with a positive combination of functional expertise and integrative or total systems thinking.
Answer
cross-functional teams
self-directed teams
cross-departmental teams
virtual teams
statutory teams
Question 2
When teams accomplish more than the total of their individual members’ capabilities, __________ occurs.
Answer
exchange
association
synergy
harmony
union
Question 3
Groups that form spontaneously through personal relationships or special interests, and not by any specific organizational endorsement, are called __________.
Answer
informal groups
virtual groups
temporary groups
interim groups
ad hoc groups
Question 4
Members of teams that __________ must have good long-term working relationships with one another, solid operating systems, and the external support needed to achieve effectiveness over a sustained period of time.Business & Finance homework help.
Answer
plan things
reengineer things
recommend things
make or do things
review things
Question 5
The __________ is another name for the functional silos problem.
Answer
individual unit problem.
serviceable group problem
functional chimney problem
hyper-focused team problem
exclusive over-assemblage problem
Question 6
__________ refers to a person’s relative rank, prestige, and standing in a group.
Answer
Condition
Standing
Fullness
Status
Prominence
Question 7
Tasks that are routine and easily subdivided lend themselves to:
Answer
hierarchical communication networks.
parallel communication networks.
decentralized communication networks.
restricted communication networks.
centralized communication networks
Question 8
_________-role conflict occurs when a person’s values and needs come into conflict with role expectations.
Answer
Intrasender
Intersender
Person
Inter
Outer
Question 9
__________is a “logically perfect” group decision making method because all team members agree totally on a course of action.
Answer
Consensus
Unanimity
Majority rule
Minority rule
Lack of response
Question 10
__________ occurs when too much is expected and the individual feels overwhelmed with work.
Answer
Role conflict
Role indifference
Role encumberment
Role overload
Role frustration
Question 11
When workspace architecture is studied as an influence on communication behavior, this is part of:
Answer
cohesiveness.
proxemics.
virtual communication networks.
team building.
relationships.
Question 12
Decision by __________ is often done by providing a suggestion and then forcing quick agreement by challenging the group with such statements as “Does anyone object?…No? Well, let’s go ahead then.
Answer
majority rule
lack of response
authority rule
consensus
minority rule
Question 13
What Decision-Making concept is reflected in the popular adage, “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again?”
Answer
Intuition
Escalating commitment
Bounded rationality
Non-programmed Decision-Making
Satisficing

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Question 14
The __________ model views decision makers as acting in a world of complete certainty.
Answer
behavioral decision
true decision
cognitive decision
classical decision
aesthetic decision
Question 15
The first step in the rational decision model is _______________.
Answer
choosing a preferred course of action
recognizing and defining the problem or opportunity
identifying the alternative courses of action
evaluating the results
implementing the preferred course of action
Question 16
A decision maker holds a meeting to get everyone’s agreement on a system for deciding how to make a lunch schedule. This is an example of a(n) _________ decision method.
Answer
groupthink
authority
consultative
team
minority
Question 17
__________, or the use of one’s intellect, is important in all aspects of Decision-Making.
Answer
Intuition
Attitudinal formation
Judgment
Perceiving
Sensing
Question 18
The process of choosing a course of action for dealing with a problem or opportunity is __________.
Answer
selection making
decision shaping
decision-making
judgment resolution
judgment generation
Question 19
__________ is a superficial and often temporary form of conflict resolution that leaves the situation open to future conflict over similar issues.
Answer
Leniency
Suppression
Neglect
Avoidance
Tolerance
Question 20
__________ involves interpersonal difficulties that arise over feelings of anger, mistrust, dislike, fear, resentment, and the like.
Answer
Substantive conflict
Emotional conflict
Indigenous conflict
Rational conflict
Impulsive conflict
Question 21
__________ conflicts occur when the communication of task expectations is unclear or upsetting in some way, such as a team member receiving different expectations from the leader and other members.
Answer
Vertical
Horizontal
Line-staff
Task
Role ambiguity
Question 22
__________ goals deal with outcomes that relate to the “content” issues under negotiation.
Answer
Relationship
Substance
Object
Discretionary
Material
Question 23
__________ occurs when a formal authority simply dictates a solution and specifies what is gained and what is lost by whom.
Answer
Competition
Avoidance
Collaboration
Authoritative command
Compromise
Question 24
__________ negotiation focuses on the merits of the issues, and the parties involved try to enlarge the available pie rather than stake claims to certain portions of it.
Answer
Integrative
Distributive
Good-faith
Consolidating
Process
Question 25
__________ distributive negotiation takes place when one party is willing to make concessions to the other to get things over with.
Answer
Indirect
Hard distributive
Direct distributive
Integrative
Soft distributive

 

 

 
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Business & Finance homework help

Presented below is the trial balance of Scott Butler Corporation at December 31, 2014.Business & Finance homework help.

Instructions
Prepare a balance sheet at December 31, 2014, for Scott Butler Corporation. (Ignore incometaxes.)

Debit

Credit

Cash

$ 197,000

Sales

$ 8,100,000

Debt Investments (trading) (cost, $145,000)

153,000

Cost of Goods Sold

4,800,000

Debt Investments (long-term)

299,000

Equity Investments (long-term)

277,000

Notes Payable (short-term)

90,000

Accounts Payable

455,000

Selling Expenses

2,000,000

Investment Revenue

63,000

Land

260,000

Buildings

1,040,000

Dividends Payable

136,000

Accrued Liabilities

96,000

Accounts Receivable

435,000

Accumulated Depreciation-Buildings

152,000

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

25,000

Administrative Expenses

900,000

Interest Expense

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211,000

Inventory

597,000

Gain (extraordinary)

80,000

Notes Payable (long-term)

900,000

Equipment

600,000

Bonds Payable

1,000,000

Accumulated Depreciation-Equipment

60,000

Franchises

160,000

Common Stock ($5 par)

1,000,000

Treasury Stock

191,000

Patents

195,000

Retained Earnings

78,000

Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par

80,000

Totals
$12,315,000

$12,315,000

Prepare a balance sheet at December 31, 2014, for Scott Butler Corporation. (Ignore income taxes). (List Current Assets in order of liquidity. List Property, Plant and Equipment in order of Land, Building and Equipment. Enter account name only and do not provide the descriptive information provided in the question.)

 

 

(Multiple Step and single-step) Webster Company ($000omited)

Administrate expense
Officers’ salaries 4900
Depreciated of office furniture and equipment 3960
Cost of sales good 60570
Rental revenue 17230
Selling expense
Transportation-out 2690
Sales Commissions 7980
Depreciation of sales equipment 6480
Sales 96500
Income Tax 9070
Interest Expense 1860

(Instructions)
a. Prepare an income statement for the year 2014 using the multiple-step form. Common shares out-standing for 2014 total 40,550($000 omitted).
b. Prepare an income statement for the year 2014 using the single step form
c. Which one do you prefer? Disuses.

(Preparation of a Statement of Cash Flows) Presented below is a condensed version of the comparative balance sheets for Zubin Mehta Corporation for the last two years at December 31.
2007 2006
Cash $177,000 $ 78,000
Accounts receivable 180,000 185,000
Investments 52,000 74,000
Equipment 298,000 240,000
Less: Accumulated depreciation (106,000) (89,000)
Current liabilities 134,000 151,000
Capital stock 160,000 160,000
Retained earnings 307,000 177,000
Additional information:
Investments were sold at a loss (not extraordinary) of $10,000; no equipment was sold; cash dividends paid were $30,000; and net income was $160,000.
Instructions
1. Prepare a statement of cash flows for 2007 for Zubin Mehta Corporation.
2. Determine Zubin Mehta Corporation’s free cash flow.

 
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